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Some people said that 影 is shadow while 陰 means shade and refers to a shadow or shade that sun or light can't reach. I'm a bit confused.

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Basically, 影 is a 2-dimensional shape (with contour) created on a surface by an object blocking light (cast on the surface) and 陰 is 3-dimensional space between the object and the shadow where it is dark.

I think it is better to look at examples to get the idea. And of course, you need to consult dictionaries for figurative uses.


FYI "Shade" vs. "shadow"

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