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I think they’re related somehow.

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  • Do you know keywords like Middle Chinese or Sino-Xenic? Most modern reflections of Chinese character reading in Asian languages are thought to be promulgated from a specific dialect in a specific period. Sep 13 at 10:36
  • And I actually think it should be sent to Linguistics SE regardless of how the title looks like. Sep 13 at 10:46
  • @broccolifacemask I know. That would the reason behind the similarities. I was just explicitly writing down the mappings as it was helpful for me to learn Japanese. Given that, this is pretty much like any other Q&As here on Japanese language SE except that it’s not intended for English speakers. It’s fine by me to migrate this to Linguistics SE, but I’m just not sure which SE it fits best on. Sep 13 at 13:14
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For most Japanese Kanji, their on’yomi sounds can easily be deduced from the sounds of the corresponding Korean Hanja in a consistent and expectable manner. The speakers of the Korean language, who have a decent Hanja vocabulary, would notice that these rules exist and take advantage of them to figure out the sounds of Japanese Kanji words.

How to convert Korean Hanja sounds to Japanese Kanji sounds

Mapping the initial consonants of Hanja sounds

  • “ㄱg/k/ㄲkk/ㅋk/ㅎh” → “k”
    • 家 — 가ka → かka
    • 快 — 쾌kwe → かいkai
    • 夏 — 하ha → かka
  • “ㄴn” → “n/d”
    • 內 — 내ne/de → ないnai
    • 南 — 남nam/dam → なんnan
    • 努 — 노no/do → どdo
  • “ㄷd/t/ㅌt” → “t/d”
    • 多 — 다da/ta → たta
    • 達 — 달dal/tal → たつtatsu
    • 誕 — 탄tan → たんtan
    • 代 — 대de/te → だいdai
  • “ㄹr” → “r”
    • 樂 — 락rak → らくraku
    • 來 — 래re → らいrai
    • 論 — 론ron → ろんron
  • “ㅁm/b” → “m”
    • 滿 — 만man/ban → まんman
    • 文 — 문mun/bun → もんmon
    • 密 — 밀mil/bil → みつmitsu
  • “ㅂb/p/ㅍp” → “h”
    • 博 — 박bak/pak → はくhaku
    • 秘 — 비pi → ひhi
    • 派 — 파pa → はha
    • 避 — 피pi → ひhi
  • “ㅅs/ㅈdz/ch/ㅊch/ㅉjj” → “s/z/t”
    • 思 — 사sa → しsi
    • 財 — 재dze/che → さいsai/ざいzai
    • 差 — 차cha → さsa
  • “ㅇ” → “k/g/∅”
    • 完 — 완wan → かんkan
    • 癌 — 암am → がんgan
    • 眼 — 안an → がんgan
    • 願 — 원won → がんgan
    • 安 — 안an → あんan
    • 溫 — 온on → おんon
    • 位 — 위wi → いi

Mapping the vowels of Hanja sounds

  • “ㅏa/ㅘwa” → “ぁa
    • 家 — 가ga/ka → かka
    • 間 — 간gan/kan → かんkan
    • 樂 — 락rak → らくraku
    • 単 — 단dan/tan → たんtan
    • 癌 — 암am → がんgan
    • 眼 — 안an → がんgan
    • 完 — 완wan → かんkan
    • 館 — 관gwan/kwan → かんkan
  • “ㅑya” → “ゃya
    • 夜 — 야ya → やya
    • 約 — 약yak → やくyaku
    • 略 — 략ryak → りゃくryaku
  • ʌ̹ → ぇe/ぉo/ょyo/ゃya
    • 件 — 건gʌ̹n/kʌ̹n → けんken
    • 見 — 견gyʌ̹n/kyʌ̹n → けんken
    • 驗 — 험hʌ̹m → けんken
    • 憶 — 억ʌ̹k → おくoku
    • 德 — 덕dʌ̹k/tʌ̹k → とくtoku
    • 抑 — 억ʌ̹k → よくyoku
    • 石 — 석sʌ̹k → せきseki/しゃくsyaku/こくkoku
  • ㅕ → yo/ya/e/i
    • 權 — 권gwon/kwon → けんken

……(to be written)……

Mapping the final consonants of Hanja sounds

  • “ᆨk/g” → “くku/きki
  • “ᆫn/ᆷm” → “んn
  • “ᆯl” → “つtsu
  • “ᆸp/ᆼng” → “うu

……(to be written)……

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