2

The combined number of jōyōkánji (2,136) and jinmeiyōkánji (863) is 2,999, while the number of kanji in level 1 of JIS X 0208 is 2,965.

What are the characters on the list of 2,999 that aren't on the list of 2,965? Which 漢字 in level 1 of JIS X 0208 are neither 人名用漢字 nor 常用漢字?

3
2

These are the data taken from the Adobe-Japan1 standard, according to the 2004 forms of the characters (as opposed to 1990 forms).

Out of 2,136 Jōyō kanji,

4 (four) do not appear in the JIS X 0208 altogether:

塡󠄀剝󠄀頰󠄀𠮟󠄀

The first three did appear in the predecessor of 0208, the JIS C 6226-1978 standard, all in Level 1, at positions 37-22, 39-77, and 43-43 respectively; however, in the 1983 revision, they were replaced by their extended shinjitai correspondences 填󠄀, 剥󠄀, and 頬󠄀. Instead of 𠮟󠄀, 叱 has always been present in 0208. When extending the Jōyō in 2010, however, the three unsimplified forms and 𠮟󠄀 were taken in Jōyō, despite not appearing in 0208.

2,102 characters appear in Level 1 of 0208. Finally, 30 characters are in Level 2:

丼󠄀傲󠄀刹󠄀哺󠄀喩󠄀嗅󠄀嘲󠄁毀󠄀彙󠄀恣󠄀惧󠄀慄󠄀憬󠄀拉󠄀摯󠄁曖󠄀楷󠄀鬱󠄀璧󠄀瘍󠄀箋󠄀籠󠄀緻󠄀羞󠄀訃󠄀諧󠄀貪󠄀踪󠄀辣󠄀錮󠄀

Out of 863 Jinmeiyō kanji,

566 are on Level 1:

娃󠄀阿󠄀逢󠄁葵󠄀茜󠄀渥󠄀旭󠄀葦󠄀芦󠄁梓󠄀斡󠄀絢󠄀綾󠄀鮎󠄀或󠄀粟󠄀庵󠄀按󠄀鞍󠄀杏󠄀伊󠄀夷󠄀惟󠄀謂󠄀亥󠄀郁󠄀磯󠄀溢󠄁鰯󠄁允󠄀胤󠄀蔭󠄀烏󠄀迂󠄁卯󠄀鵜󠄀窺󠄀丑󠄀碓󠄀姥󠄀厩󠄅瓜󠄀閏󠄀噂󠄁云󠄀叡󠄀曳󠄀瑛󠄀榎󠄀堰󠄀奄󠄀燕󠄀苑󠄀薗󠄀於󠄀甥󠄀襖󠄁荻󠄀桶󠄀牡󠄀伽󠄀嘉󠄀珂󠄀禾󠄀茄󠄀蝦󠄀嘩󠄀迦󠄁霞󠄀俄󠄀峨󠄀臥󠄀駕󠄀廻󠄁恢󠄂魁󠄀晦󠄁芥󠄀蟹󠄀凱󠄀鎧󠄀浬󠄀馨󠄀笠󠄀樫󠄀梶󠄀恰󠄀叶󠄀椛󠄀樺󠄀鞄󠄁兜󠄀蒲󠄀鴨󠄀茅󠄀萱󠄀粥󠄀侃󠄀柑󠄀竿󠄀莞󠄀巌󠄀雁󠄀嬉󠄀毅󠄀稀󠄀徽󠄁祇󠄁誼󠄀掬󠄀鞠󠄀桔󠄀橘󠄀砧󠄀杵󠄀汲󠄁灸󠄁笈󠄂鋸󠄀亨󠄀匡󠄀卿󠄂喬󠄀蕎󠄀饗󠄁尭󠄀桐󠄀欣󠄀欽󠄀禽󠄀芹󠄀衿󠄀玖󠄀矩󠄀駈󠄀喰󠄁寓󠄀櫛󠄀釧󠄀屑󠄁沓󠄀窪󠄀隈󠄀栗󠄀鍬󠄀袈󠄀祁󠄁圭󠄀慧󠄀桂󠄀戟󠄀訣󠄀倦󠄁喧󠄀捲󠄁牽󠄀硯󠄀絃󠄀諺󠄁乎󠄀糊󠄀袴󠄀胡󠄀跨󠄀伍󠄀吾󠄀梧󠄀檎󠄀瑚󠄀醐󠄀鯉󠄀倖󠄀宏󠄀巷󠄁庚󠄀弘󠄀昂󠄀晃󠄀杭󠄀浩󠄀紘󠄀腔󠄀膏󠄀閤󠄀鴻󠄀劫󠄀壕󠄀轟󠄀忽󠄀惚󠄀此󠄀昏󠄀些󠄀叉󠄁嵯󠄀瑳󠄀裟󠄀坐󠄀哉󠄀犀󠄀砦󠄀冴󠄀堺󠄀榊󠄁肴󠄀鷺󠄀朔󠄀窄󠄀笹󠄀薩󠄁皐󠄀錆󠄁晒󠄀撒󠄀燦󠄀珊󠄀纂󠄀讃󠄀仔󠄀孜󠄀斯󠄀獅󠄀爾󠄀而󠄀蒔󠄀汐󠄀竺󠄀雫󠄀悉󠄀篠󠄀偲󠄀柴󠄀縞󠄀紗󠄀勺󠄁灼󠄁錫󠄀惹󠄀洲󠄀蒐󠄀輯󠄀峻󠄀竣󠄀舜󠄀駿󠄀楯󠄁淳󠄀醇󠄀曙󠄀渚󠄁恕󠄀哨󠄁嘗󠄀庄󠄀捷󠄀昌󠄀梢󠄀樟󠄀湘󠄀菖󠄀蕉󠄀裳󠄀鞘󠄁丞󠄀杖󠄁穣󠄀埴󠄀燭󠄀晋󠄀榛󠄀秦󠄀壬󠄀訊󠄁諏󠄀厨󠄀逗󠄁翠󠄀錐󠄀錘󠄀瑞󠄀嵩󠄀雛󠄀菅󠄀頗󠄀雀󠄀摺󠄁棲󠄀栖󠄀蹟󠄀碩󠄀尖󠄀撰󠄁穿󠄁銑󠄀閃󠄀噌󠄁曾󠄀楚󠄀疏󠄀蘇󠄀叢󠄀宋󠄀惣󠄀槍󠄀漕󠄀綜󠄀聡󠄀蒼󠄀其󠄀揃󠄁舵󠄀楕󠄀陀󠄀苔󠄀黛󠄀鯛󠄀醍󠄀鷹󠄀瀧󠄀啄󠄀托󠄀琢󠄁茸󠄀凧󠄀只󠄀辰󠄀巽󠄁竪󠄀辿󠄁樽󠄁坦󠄀歎󠄁湛󠄀耽󠄀檀󠄀弛󠄀智󠄀馳󠄀筑󠄀註󠄁猪󠄁喋󠄀寵󠄀帖󠄀暢󠄀牒󠄀脹󠄀蝶󠄀槌󠄁槻󠄀佃󠄀柘󠄀辻󠄁蔦󠄀綴󠄀椿󠄀紬󠄀悌󠄀挺󠄁梯󠄀汀󠄀禎󠄀蹄󠄀鄭󠄁釘󠄀鼎󠄀擢󠄁纏󠄀兎󠄁堵󠄁杜󠄀砥󠄀套󠄀宕󠄀嶋󠄀燈󠄀祷󠄀董󠄀撞󠄀萄󠄀鳶󠄀寅󠄀酉󠄀惇󠄀敦󠄀沌󠄀遁󠄂凪󠄀薙󠄀灘󠄁捺󠄀楢󠄁馴󠄀楠󠄀汝󠄀賑󠄀廿󠄀濡󠄀禰󠄁祢󠄀乃󠄀之󠄀埜󠄀巴󠄀播󠄀杷󠄀琶󠄀芭󠄀盃󠄀煤󠄀這󠄁秤󠄁萩󠄀柏󠄀箔󠄀曝󠄀莫󠄀函󠄀肇󠄀筈󠄀幡󠄀畠󠄀鳩󠄀塙󠄀隼󠄀挽󠄁磐󠄀蕃󠄀庇󠄀斐󠄀緋󠄀樋󠄁枇󠄀毘󠄀琵󠄀柊󠄀疋󠄀彦󠄀菱󠄀畢󠄀桧󠄀紐󠄀彪󠄀瓢󠄀豹󠄁廟󠄁彬󠄀瀕󠄁冨󠄀斧󠄁芙󠄀撫󠄀葡󠄀蕪󠄀楓󠄀葺󠄀蕗󠄀淵󠄀吻󠄀焚󠄀頁󠄀碧󠄀瞥󠄁篇󠄁娩󠄁鞭󠄁圃󠄀甫󠄀輔󠄀戊󠄀菩󠄀峯󠄀捧󠄀朋󠄀萌󠄀蓬󠄁鋒󠄀鳳󠄀鵬󠄀卜󠄀殆󠄀幌󠄀哩󠄀槙󠄀柾󠄀鱒󠄁亦󠄀俣󠄀沫󠄀迄󠄁麿󠄀蔓󠄀巳󠄀箕󠄀湊󠄀蓑󠄀稔󠄀牟󠄀椋󠄀姪󠄀孟󠄀蒙󠄀儲󠄁勿󠄀尤󠄀籾󠄂貰󠄀匁󠄀也󠄀耶󠄀靖󠄀佑󠄀宥󠄀柚󠄀祐󠄁邑󠄀輿󠄀傭󠄀楊󠄀耀󠄀蓉󠄀遥󠄀淀󠄀螺󠄀洛󠄀蘭󠄀李󠄀裡󠄀掠󠄀劉󠄀溜󠄀琉󠄀龍󠄀亮󠄀凌󠄀梁󠄀稜󠄀諒󠄀遼󠄀淋󠄀琳󠄀鱗󠄀麟󠄀伶󠄀嶺󠄀怜󠄀玲󠄀憐󠄀漣󠄀煉󠄀簾󠄂蓮󠄁魯󠄀櫓󠄀狼󠄀禄󠄀肋󠄀倭󠄀鷲󠄀亙󠄀亘󠄀詫󠄀藁󠄀蕨󠄀椀󠄀碗󠄀

192 are on Level 2:

乘󠄀亞󠄀佛󠄀侑󠄀來󠄀俐󠄀傳󠄀僞󠄀價󠄀儉󠄀兒󠄀凉󠄀凛󠄀凰󠄀剩󠄀劍󠄀勁󠄀勳󠄀卷󠄀單󠄀嚴󠄀圈󠄀國󠄀圓󠄀團󠄀壞󠄀壘󠄀壯󠄀壽󠄀奎󠄀奧󠄀奬󠄀孃󠄀實󠄀寢󠄀將󠄀專󠄀峽󠄀崚󠄀巖󠄀巫󠄀已󠄀帶󠄀廣󠄀廳󠄀彈󠄀彌󠄀彗󠄀從󠄀徠󠄀恆󠄀惡󠄀惠󠄀惺󠄀愼󠄀應󠄀懷󠄀戰󠄀戲󠄀拔󠄁拜󠄀拂󠄀搜󠄀搖󠄀攝󠄀收󠄀敍󠄀昊󠄀昴󠄀晏󠄀晄󠄀晝󠄀晨󠄀晟󠄀暉󠄀曉󠄀檜󠄀栞󠄀條󠄀梛󠄀椰󠄀榮󠄀樂󠄀樣󠄀橙󠄀檢󠄀櫂󠄀櫻󠄀盜󠄀毬󠄀氣󠄀洸󠄀洵󠄀淨󠄀渾󠄀滉󠄀漱󠄀滯󠄀澁󠄀澪󠄀濕󠄀煌󠄀燒󠄀燎󠄀燿󠄀爭󠄀爲󠄀狹󠄀默󠄀獸󠄀珈󠄀珀󠄀琥󠄀瑶󠄀疊󠄀皓󠄀盡󠄀眞󠄁眸󠄀碎󠄀祕󠄀祿󠄀禪󠄀禮󠄀稟󠄀稻󠄀穗󠄀穰󠄀穹󠄀笙󠄀粹󠄀絆󠄀綺󠄀綸󠄀縣󠄀縱󠄀纖󠄀羚󠄀翔󠄀飜󠄀聽󠄀脩󠄀臟󠄀與󠄀苺󠄀茉󠄀莊󠄀莉󠄀菫󠄀萠󠄀萬󠄀蕾󠄀藏󠄀藝󠄀藥󠄀衞󠄀裝󠄀覽󠄀詢󠄀諄󠄀謠󠄀讓󠄀賣󠄀赳󠄀轉󠄀迪󠄀逞󠄀醉󠄀釀󠄀釉󠄀鎭󠄀鑄󠄀陷󠄀險󠄀雜󠄀靜󠄀頌󠄀顯󠄀颯󠄀騷󠄀驍󠄀驗󠄀髮󠄀鷄󠄀麒󠄀黎󠄀齊󠄀堯󠄀槇󠄀遙󠄀凜󠄀熙󠄀

Note that the last 5 here were appended to 0208 in 1982 and 1990.

105 are outside 0208:

焰󠄀鷗󠄀俠󠄀繫󠄀繡󠄀渚󠄀蔣󠄀醬󠄀蟬󠄀琢󠄀簞󠄀摑󠄀顚󠄀禱󠄀萊󠄀蠟󠄀增󠄀德󠄀橫󠄀瀨󠄀猪󠄀神󠄀祥󠄀福󠄁綠󠄀緖󠄀薰󠄀諸󠄀賴󠄀郞󠄀都󠄀黑󠄀逸󠄁謁󠄀緣󠄀黃󠄀溫󠄀禍󠄀悔󠄀海󠄀渴󠄀漢󠄁器󠄁祈󠄀虛󠄀響󠄁勤󠄁謹󠄀揭󠄀擊󠄀穀󠄀祉󠄁視󠄁煮󠄀社󠄁者󠄁臭󠄁祝󠄀暑󠄁署󠄀涉󠄀狀󠄀節󠄁祖󠄁僧󠄁層󠄁巢󠄀憎󠄀贈󠄁卽󠄀嘆󠄀著󠄁徵󠄀禎󠄁突󠄁難󠄀梅󠄀繁󠄁晚󠄀卑󠄀碑󠄀賓󠄀敏󠄀侮󠄁勉󠄀步󠄀墨󠄀每󠄀祐󠄀欄󠄀虜󠄀淚󠄀類󠄀曆󠄀歷󠄀練󠄀鍊󠄀錄󠄀俱󠄀瘦󠄀吞󠄀寬󠄀廊󠄁朗󠄀懲󠄃

Out of 514 National Language Council kanji which are neither Jōyō nor Jinmeiyō,

134 are on Level 1:

虻󠄀飴󠄁鰻󠄀嬰󠄀洩󠄀穎󠄀厭󠄀蛾󠄀咳󠄀蛙󠄀廓󠄀橿󠄀鰹󠄀姦󠄀桓󠄀澗󠄀翰󠄁癌󠄀翫󠄁贋󠄀妓󠄀蟻󠄀吃󠄀仇󠄀渠󠄀僑󠄀怯󠄀狗󠄀粂󠄁珪󠄀畦󠄀荊󠄀姑󠄀狐󠄀菰󠄀垢󠄀糠󠄀濠󠄀鵠󠄁漉󠄀甑󠄃鮭󠄀鯖󠄁捌󠄀鮫󠄁餐󠄁屍󠄀痔󠄀杓󠄁綬󠄀讐󠄀酋󠄁薯󠄁藷󠄁鋤󠄀妾󠄀娼󠄀鉦󠄀鍾󠄀擾󠄀蝕󠄁疹󠄀塵󠄀笥󠄀趨󠄀脆󠄀煽󠄂箭󠄁鼠󠄀腿󠄁鐸󠄀蛸󠄁叩󠄀狸󠄀蛋󠄀蜘󠄀瀦󠄁諜󠄀銚󠄀鎚󠄁吊󠄀剃󠄀碇󠄀轍󠄀澱󠄀屠󠄁淘󠄀蕩󠄀禿󠄀苫󠄀瀞󠄁韮󠄀葱󠄀撚󠄀膿󠄀覗󠄀蚤󠄀牌󠄁狽󠄀粕󠄀駁󠄁筏󠄀噺󠄀蛤󠄀叛󠄁誹󠄁稗󠄁髭󠄀逼󠄁謬󠄁蛭󠄀鮒󠄀扮󠄀糞󠄀僻󠄀呆󠄀庖󠄁鉾󠄀吠󠄀鵡󠄀牝󠄀悶󠄀爺󠄁鑓󠄁愈󠄁涌󠄀猷󠄂熔󠄀燐󠄀榔󠄁牢󠄀聾󠄀歪󠄀鰐󠄀

360 are on Level 2:

乖󠄀于󠄀亢󠄀仄󠄀佇󠄀侘󠄀儘󠄀俤󠄀俯󠄀偈󠄀冑󠄀冤󠄁几󠄀剋󠄀匈󠄀卉󠄀叟󠄁曼󠄀吼󠄀呵󠄀咎󠄀呟󠄀呻󠄀咄󠄀咸󠄀咬󠄁咤󠄀哭󠄀啜󠄀啖󠄀唸󠄀喀󠄀喘󠄀啼󠄀嗚󠄀嗟󠄀嗜󠄀嘔󠄀嘴󠄀嚥󠄀囁󠄀囃󠄀囀󠄁址󠄀埃󠄀埒󠄀墟󠄀壙󠄀壺󠄀奢󠄀奸󠄀娑󠄀婉󠄀娶󠄀媚󠄀嬌󠄀孕󠄀孵󠄀宦󠄀宸󠄀寥󠄀尹󠄀屁󠄀屎󠄀屹󠄀峙󠄀崗󠄀嵌󠄀帚󠄀帛󠄀帷󠄀幟󠄀廂󠄀廬󠄀彎󠄀彷󠄀徊󠄀徘󠄁恍󠄀悍󠄀悸󠄀愕󠄀憚󠄀憑󠄀憫󠄀罹󠄀懺󠄀懼󠄀戌󠄀截󠄀戮󠄀扁󠄁抉󠄀抒󠄀拗󠄀拿󠄀拮󠄀捏󠄀掟󠄀揆󠄀揉󠄀揶󠄀揄󠄀攪󠄀撥󠄀攀󠄀攘󠄀攣󠄀敲󠄀斃󠄀旱󠄀晰󠄀暈󠄀曠󠄀曰󠄀朦󠄀朧󠄀杣󠄀枡󠄀柩󠄀檮󠄀梵󠄀棘󠄀椒󠄀棹󠄀楔󠄀楮󠄀楡󠄀槃󠄀榜󠄀榴󠄀檻󠄀櫃󠄀櫟󠄀欅󠄀殷󠄀毫󠄀毯󠄀沁󠄀泄󠄀洒󠄀浙󠄀濤󠄀涅󠄀涵󠄀涸󠄀滓󠄀漑󠄀灌󠄀漿󠄀滲󠄀瀑󠄀濾󠄀瀾󠄀炒󠄀炬󠄀炸󠄀焉󠄀熾󠄀燵󠄀爛󠄀爬󠄀狡󠄁猥󠄀瑕󠄀甕󠄂甦󠄁疆󠄀疇󠄀疵󠄀疽󠄀疸󠄀疼󠄁疱󠄀痒󠄀痙󠄀痰󠄀痺󠄀瘡󠄀瘤󠄀瘻󠄀癬󠄀皺󠄀盂󠄀眩󠄀睨󠄀睫󠄀睾󠄀瞑󠄀瞞󠄀瞰󠄀瞼󠄀砒󠄀磋󠄀礫󠄀祀󠄀祠󠄀祟󠄀祓󠄀禊󠄀穢󠄀窩󠄀竈󠄁竦󠄀筵󠄁箒󠄀箏󠄀篆󠄀篝󠄁簀󠄀籬󠄀紮󠄀絨󠄀絣󠄀綽󠄀罠󠄀翅󠄀翳󠄀耆󠄀聊󠄀聘󠄀聚󠄀聳󠄀肛󠄀胚󠄀胱󠄀脛󠄀腋󠄀隋󠄀脾󠄀腑󠄀腱󠄁膀󠄀膠󠄀膣󠄀膵󠄀臀󠄀臂󠄀臍󠄀臘󠄀舅󠄀舐󠄀艘󠄁芒󠄁芻󠄀苞󠄀茫󠄀莢󠄀荼󠄀萼󠄀蓼󠄀薨󠄀蕭󠄀薔󠄀藪󠄀薇󠄀蘆󠄀虔󠄁蛉󠄀蠣󠄀蛛󠄀蜀󠄀蜃󠄁蜻󠄀蝸󠄀蠅󠄂雖󠄀蟇󠄀衙󠄀袁󠄀袂󠄀袢󠄀裔󠄀褌󠄀褥󠄀襞󠄀襦󠄀襷󠄀訛󠄀訝󠄂訶󠄀誅󠄀誦󠄀諫󠄀諤󠄀諱󠄀謔󠄀諷󠄀謗󠄀謳󠄀譚󠄀賤󠄀賽󠄀贄󠄀贅󠄀趙󠄀趾󠄀跏󠄀跋󠄀踵󠄀蹊󠄀躁󠄀躇󠄀躊󠄀躬󠄀軋󠄀轢󠄀邇󠄀逍󠄀遽󠄀邁󠄀邱󠄀鄙󠄀鈔󠄀鉗󠄀鉤󠄀鋏󠄀鍼󠄀閨󠄀閻󠄀閾󠄀闊󠄀闍󠄀陝󠄀隕󠄀隧󠄀雉󠄀霰󠄀靄󠄀勒󠄀靱󠄂鞋󠄀韋󠄀竟󠄀頸󠄀頷󠄀頽󠄀顆󠄀飫󠄀饉󠄀饅󠄀饒󠄀騙󠄁髷󠄀髻󠄀鬘󠄀鬚󠄀鬢󠄀魏󠄀鮨󠄀鰺󠄀鰓󠄀鰊󠄀鴉󠄁鶯󠄀鸚󠄀鸞󠄀靡󠄀齟󠄀齬󠄀

20 are absent from 0208:

啞󠄀嚙󠄀軀󠄀鹼󠄀麴󠄀屢󠄀搔󠄀驒󠄀瀆󠄀囊󠄀潑󠄀醱󠄀麵󠄀屛󠄀攢󠄀噓󠄀﨟󠄀鄧󠄀姸󠄀幷󠄀

8
  • Thank you so much for this answer, without which the other answer wouldn't have been corrected. This means the two sets of 2,999 and 2,965 have 2,668 kanji in common, with 297 kanji in level 1 of JIS X 0208 being neither jinmeiyōkánji nor jōyōkánji, and with 331 jōyōkánji/jinmeiyōkánji missing in level 1 of JIS X 0208 (34 jōyōkánji and 297 jinmeiyōkánji).
    – user46840
    Aug 11 '21 at 15:23
  • It's interesting to note that in handwriting, forms corresponding to 填 頬 剥 are officially preferred to forms corresponding to the official printed forms 塡󠄀 剝󠄀 頰󠄀, and a form corresponding to 叱 is officially allowed next to a form corresponding to the official printed form 𠮟󠄀 (and a third form): bunka.go.jp/kokugo_nihongo/sisaku/joho/joho/kijun/naikaku/pdf/….
    – user46840
    Aug 12 '21 at 16:31
  • Actually, looking further into the matter, it turns out that 叱 has a different status from 填 剥 頬. According to the official 常用漢字表, 叱 is actually a fully official printed variant of 𠮟󠄀. There are also seven other official printed variants of four other characters.
    – user46840
    Aug 13 '21 at 14:06
  • For the numbers, this has the following consequences: While there are 2,136 jōyōkánji, there are 2,144 official jōyōkánji glyphs, for a total of 3,007 official jōyōkánji/jinmeiyōkánji glyphs. Of these glyphs, 2,669 are found in JIS X 0208, with 296 kanji glyphs in level 1 of JIS X 0208 being neither jinmeiyōkánji glyphs nor jōyōkánji glyphs, and with 338 jōyōkánji/jinmeiyōkánji glyphs not being part of JIS X 0208 (41 jōyōkánji glyphs and 297 jinmeiyōkánji glyphs).
    – user46840
    Aug 13 '21 at 14:28
  • Counting any official variant of a jōyōkánji (and not counting variants that are acceptable only for technical reasons), the 2,965 JIS X 0208 level 1 kanji include official printed versions of 2,669 of the 2,999 jōyōkánji/jinmeiyōkánji, with 296 kanji in level 1 of JIS X 0208 being neither jinmeiyōkánji nor jōyōkánji, and with 330 jōyōkánji/jinmeiyōkánji missing in level 1 of JIS X 0208 (33 jōyōkánji and 297 jinmeiyōkánji).
    – user46840
    Aug 13 '21 at 14:48
2

I took the diff of JIS level 1 and Jinmeiyokanji (pdf) Wikipedia's list. (Neither is of the government, but at least I confirmed the numbers are correct.)

The things are not that simple, possibly the linked question gives some explanation. I found also this.

Notation:

  • JIS = 2965 chars, Joyo = 2136 chars, Jinmei = 863 chars, JinmeiFull = Joyo + Jinmei 2999 chars
  • X - Y : In X and not in Y

JIS - JinmeiFull (293) [Edit] I checked (using this list of 常用漢字) that the list below coincides with the set in the question In JIS and neither in Jinmei nor in Joyo.

[ "唖", "姶", "穐", "鯵", "姐", "虻", "飴", "袷", "吋", "嘘", "欝", "蔚", "鰻", "荏", "嬰", "洩", "盈", "穎", "頴", "厭", "掩", "焔", "鴛", "鴬", "鴎", "蛾", "咳", "碍", "蛙", "蛎", "鈎", "劃", "廓", "撹", "赫", "橿", "鰍", "鰹", "竃", "噛", "栢", "苅", "姦", "桓", "澗", "潅", "翰", "諌", "舘", "癌", "翫", "贋", "妓", "蟻", "吃", "黍", "仇", "渠", "禦", "侠", "僑", "兇", "彊", "怯", "粁", "倶", "狗", "躯", "轡", "粂", "卦", "珪", "畦", "繋", "罫", "荊", "頚", "鹸", "姑", "狐", "菰", "鈷", "佼", "垢", "糠", "肱", "砿", "濠", "麹", "鵠", "漉", "甑", "狛", "坤", "梱", "艮", "碕", "咋", "鮭", "匙", "鯖", "捌", "鮫", "餐", "屍", "痔", "鴫", "宍", "蔀", "屡", "蕊", "杓", "綬", "繍", "讐", "酋", "什", "戎", "夙", "薯", "藷", "鋤", "妾", "娼", "廠", "樵", "蒋", "醤", "鉦", "鍾", "擾", "蝕", "疹", "塵", "靭", "笥", "趨", "椙", "脆", "蝉", "栴", "煽", "箭", "舛", "賎", "糎", "岨", "鼠", "匝", "掻", "糟", "鎗", "詑", "柁", "騨", "岱", "腿", "鐸", "蛸", "叩", "狸", "鱈", "箪", "蛋", "蜘", "樗", "瀦", "苧", "凋", "諜", "銚", "鎚", "栂", "掴", "鍔", "壷", "嬬", "吊", "剃", "碇", "鏑", "轍", "甜", "顛", "澱", "屠", "菟", "鍍", "砺", "塘", "梼", "淘", "涛", "蕩", "鐙", "鴇", "涜", "禿", "橡", "椴", "苫", "瀞", "噸", "呑", "乍", "畷", "迩", "韮", "葱", "撚", "廼", "嚢", "膿", "覗", "蚤", "牌", "楳", "狽", "蝿", "矧", "粕", "駁", "硲", "櫨", "溌", "醗", "筏", "噺", "蛤", "叛", "釆", "匪", "誹", "簸", "稗", "髭", "弼", "逼", "謬", "錨", "鋲", "蒜", "蛭", "鰭", "斌", "埠", "弗", "鮒", "扮", "糞", "僻", "箆", "鋪", "呆", "庖", "烹", "鉾", "吠", "穆", "釦", "鮪", "桝", "侭", "粍", "鵡", "牝", "棉", "緬", "摸", "杢", "悶", "爺", "薮", "鑓", "愈", "揖", "涌", "猷", "熔", "慾", "莱", "葎", "燐", "苓", "聯", "婁", "榔", "牢", "篭", "聾", "蝋", "歪", "鰐" ]

Jinmei - JIS (297)

[ "侑", "俠", "俐", "俱", "凜", "凛", "凰", "勁", "吞", "堯", "奎", "崚", "巖", "巫", "已", "彗", "徠", "惺", "摑", "昊", "昴", "晏", "晄", "晟", "晨", "暉", "檜", "栞", "梛", "椰", "槇", "橙", "櫂", "毬", "洸", "洵", "渚", "渾", "滉", "漱", "澪", "焰", "煌", "熙", "燎", "燿", "猪", "珈", "珀", "琢", "琥", "瑶", "皓", "眸", "祐", "禱", "祿", "禎", "稟", "穰", "穹", "笙", "簞", "絆", "綺", "綸", "繫", "繡", "羚", "翔", "脩", "苺", "茉", "莉", "菫", "萠", "萊", "蔣", "蕾", "蟬", "蠟", "詢", "諄", "赳", "迪", "逞", "遙", "醬", "釉", "頌", "顚", "颯", "驍", "鷗", "麒", "黎", "亞", "惡", "爲", "逸", "榮", "衞", "謁", "圓", "緣", "應", "櫻", "奧", "橫", "溫", "價", "禍", "悔", "海", "壞", "懷", "樂", "渴", "卷", "陷", "寬", "漢", "氣", "祈", "器", "僞", "戲", "虛", "峽", "狹", "響", "曉", "勤", "謹", "勳", "薰", "惠", "揭", "鷄", "藝", "擊", "縣", "儉", "劍", "險", "圈", "檢", "顯", "驗", "嚴", "廣", "恆", "黃", "國", "黑", "穀", "碎", "雜", "祉", "視", "兒", "濕", "實", "社", "者", "煮", "壽", "收", "臭", "從", "澁", "獸", "縱", "祝", "暑", "署", "緖", "諸", "敍", "將", "祥", "涉", "燒", "奬", "條", "狀", "乘", "淨", "剩", "疊", "孃", "讓", "釀", "神", "眞", "寢", "愼", "盡", "粹", "醉", "穗", "瀨", "齊", "靜", "攝", "節", "專", "戰", "纖", "禪", "祖", "壯", "爭", "莊", "搜", "巢", "裝", "僧", "層", "瘦", "騷", "增", "憎", "藏", "贈", "臟", "卽", "帶", "滯", "單", "嘆", "團", "彈", "晝", "鑄", "著", "廳", "徵", "聽", "懲", "鎭", "轉", "傳", "都", "盜", "稻", "德", "突", "難", "拜", "賣", "梅", "髮", "拔", "繁", "晚", "卑", "祕", "碑", "賓", "敏", "侮", "福", "拂", "佛", "勉", "步", "墨", "飜", "每", "萬", "默", "彌", "藥", "與", "搖", "樣", "謠", "來", "賴", "覽", "欄", "虜", "凉", "綠", "淚", "壘", "類", "禮", "曆", "歷", "練", "鍊", "郞", "朗", "廊", "錄" ]

Joyo - JIS (30 + 4)

[ "丼", "傲", "刹", "哺", "喩", "嗅", "嘲", "毀", "彙", "恣", "惧", "慄", "憬", "拉", "摯", "曖", "楷", "鬱", "璧", "瘍", "箋", "籠", "緻", "羞", "訃", "諧", "貪", "踪", "辣", "錮" ] + 塡󠄀 剝󠄀 𠮟󠄀 頰

[Edit]

A comment regarding 4 characters in Alexander's answer. All four seem to have their variant 填 剥 叱 頬 in Joyo (at least in the list linked in this answer). That's why they don't appear above.

The first part of Alexander Z's answer is consistent with the above counts: 192 Level 2 + 105 outside JIS2080 = 297 in Jinmei - JIS. As for the second part, I have no idea what 514 characters fit in the above.

[Second Edit]

I added 塡󠄀 剝󠄀 𠮟󠄀 頰 to Joyo - JIS.

I didn't edit the other set. The variants 填 剥 叱 頬 are acceptable in Joyo as mentioned in this quora answer, citing a guideline from Agency for Cultural Affairs.

The point is that Joyo kanji is not simply a set of glyphs. A kanji has variants, sometimes many of them, and these are not only about Shinjitai (simplified) / Kyujitai (nonsimplified). The guideline cited above states in which cases identifications of kanjis are possible. This means, as a set of glyphs, Joyo kanji contains more than those listed.

On the other hand, it may be fair to consider JIS as a set of glyphs - hence the addition.

===

An example I found interesting is 竜 / 龍. Both are in Jinmei; the latter is usually considered to be the nonsimplified version of the former. But according to this, the correct one (in the sense of the glyph originally published) is the 龍 with the first stroke horizontal (see the link).

18
  • Exactly what I was looking for. Thank you so much!
    – user46840
    Aug 11 '21 at 9:21
  • I take it there are no 常用漢字 that aren't in level 1 of JIS X 0208?
    – user46840
    Aug 11 '21 at 9:35
  • Actually, doing the maths, it turns out that the first list implies the set of 2,999 and the set of 2,965 have 2,658 kanji in common, while the second list implies they have 2,659 kanji in common. That means there is one 常用漢字 that isn't in level 1 of JIS X 0208.
    – user46840
    Aug 11 '21 at 10:10
  • Copying from PDF doesn't seem to work sometimes, so I used Wikipedia instead. I guess the diff should be correct as long as the source lists are correct. I'm not sure the above is consistent with Alexander Z's answer, but not that variants are not taken into account at all.
    – sundowner
    Aug 11 '21 at 12:28
  • 1
    To your other addition: checking the official lists, it turns out that the 人名用漢字 list has the form with the first line horizontal, while the 常用漢字 list has 龍 as the traditional form.
    – user46840
    Aug 13 '21 at 16:20
1

Thanks to the very helpful answers by Alexander Z. and sundowner, I am now able to answer my questions to my satisfaction:

My first question was: "What are the characters on the list of 2,999 [the jōyōkánji and jinmeiyōkánji] that aren't on the list of 2,965 [the kanji in level 1 of JIS X 0208]?"

The answer is the following 331 kanji (298 jinmeiyōkánji and 33 jōyōkánji):

192 jinmeiyōkánji in level 2 of JIS X 0208: 乘󠄀 亞󠄀 佛󠄀 侑󠄀 來󠄀 俐󠄀 傳󠄀 僞󠄀 價󠄀 儉󠄀 兒󠄀 凉󠄀 凛󠄀 凰󠄀 剩󠄀 劍󠄀 勁󠄀 勳󠄀 卷󠄀 單󠄀 嚴󠄀 圈󠄀 國󠄀 圓󠄀 團󠄀 壞󠄀 壘󠄀 壯󠄀 壽󠄀 奎󠄀 奧󠄀 奬󠄀 孃󠄀 實󠄀 寢󠄀 將󠄀 專󠄀 峽󠄀 崚󠄀 巖󠄀 巫󠄀 已󠄀 帶󠄀 廣󠄀 廳󠄀 彈󠄀 彌󠄀 彗󠄀 從󠄀 徠󠄀 恆󠄀 惡󠄀 惠󠄀 惺󠄀 愼󠄀 應󠄀 懷󠄀 戰󠄀 戲󠄀 拔󠄁 拜󠄀 拂󠄀 搜󠄀 搖󠄀 攝󠄀 收󠄀 敍󠄀 昊󠄀 昴󠄀 晏󠄀 晄󠄀 晝󠄀 晨󠄀 晟󠄀 暉󠄀 曉󠄀 檜󠄀 栞󠄀 條󠄀 梛󠄀 椰󠄀 榮󠄀 樂󠄀 樣󠄀 橙󠄀 檢󠄀 櫂󠄀 櫻󠄀 盜󠄀 毬󠄀 氣󠄀 洸󠄀 洵󠄀 淨󠄀 渾󠄀 滉󠄀 漱󠄀 滯󠄀 澁󠄀 澪󠄀 濕󠄀 煌󠄀 燒󠄀 燎󠄀 燿󠄀 爭󠄀 爲󠄀 狹󠄀 默󠄀 獸󠄀 珈󠄀 珀󠄀 琥󠄀 瑶󠄀 疊󠄀 皓󠄀 盡󠄀 眞󠄁 眸󠄀 碎󠄀 祕󠄀 祿󠄀 禪󠄀 禮󠄀 稟󠄀 稻󠄀 穗󠄀 穰󠄀 穹󠄀 笙󠄀 粹󠄀 絆󠄀 綺󠄀 綸󠄀 縣󠄀 縱󠄀 纖󠄀 羚󠄀 翔󠄀 飜󠄀 聽󠄀 脩󠄀 臟󠄀 與󠄀 苺󠄀 茉󠄀 莊󠄀 莉󠄀 菫󠄀 萠󠄀 萬󠄀 蕾󠄀 藏󠄀 藝󠄀 藥󠄀 衞󠄀 裝󠄀 覽󠄀 詢󠄀 諄󠄀 謠󠄀 讓󠄀 賣󠄀 赳󠄀 轉󠄀 迪󠄀 逞󠄀 醉󠄀 釀󠄀 釉󠄀 鎭󠄀 鑄󠄀 陷󠄀 險󠄀 雜󠄀 靜󠄀 頌󠄀 顯󠄀 颯󠄀 騷󠄀 驍󠄀 驗󠄀 髮󠄀 鷄󠄀 麒󠄀 黎󠄀 齊󠄀 堯󠄀 槇󠄀 遙󠄀 凜󠄀 熙

106 jinmeiyōkánji outside JIS X 0208: 焰󠄀 鷗󠄀 俠󠄀 繫󠄀 繡󠄀 渚󠄀 蔣󠄀 醬󠄀 蟬󠄀 琢󠄀 簞󠄀 摑󠄀 顚󠄀 禱󠄀 萊󠄀 蠟󠄀 增󠄀 德󠄀 橫󠄀 瀨󠄀 猪󠄀 神󠄀 祥󠄀 福󠄁 綠󠄀 緖󠄀 薰󠄀 諸󠄀 賴󠄀 郞󠄀 都󠄀 黑󠄀 逸󠄁 謁󠄀 緣󠄀 黃󠄀 溫󠄀 禍󠄀 悔󠄀 海󠄀 渴󠄀 漢󠄁 器󠄁 祈󠄀 虛󠄀 響󠄁 勤󠄁 謹󠄀 揭󠄀 擊󠄀 穀󠄀 祉󠄁 視󠄁 煮󠄀 社󠄁 者󠄁 臭󠄁 祝󠄀 暑󠄁 署󠄀 涉󠄀 狀󠄀 節󠄁 祖󠄁 僧󠄁 層󠄁 巢󠄀 憎󠄀 贈󠄁 卽󠄀 嘆󠄀 著󠄁 徵󠄀 禎󠄁 突󠄁 難󠄀 梅󠄀 繁󠄁 晚󠄀 卑󠄀 碑󠄀 賓󠄀 敏󠄀 侮󠄁 勉󠄀 步󠄀 墨󠄀 每󠄀 祐󠄀 欄󠄀 虜󠄀 淚󠄀 類󠄀 曆󠄀 歷󠄀 練󠄀 鍊󠄀 錄󠄀 俱󠄀 瘦󠄀 吞󠄀 寬󠄀 廊󠄁 朗󠄀 懲 plus the one that looks almost like 龍 but has a horizontal rather than vertical first stroke.

30 jōyōkánji in level 2 of JIS X 0208: 丼󠄀 傲󠄀 刹󠄀 哺󠄀 喩󠄀 嗅󠄀 嘲󠄁 毀󠄀 彙󠄀 恣󠄀 惧󠄀 慄󠄀 憬󠄀 拉󠄀 摯󠄁 曖󠄀 楷󠄀 鬱󠄀 璧󠄀 瘍󠄀 箋󠄀 籠󠄀 緻󠄀 羞󠄀 訃󠄀 諧󠄀 貪󠄀 踪󠄀 辣󠄀 錮

3 jōyōkánji outside JIS X 0208: 塡󠄀 剝󠄀 頰󠄀

For the jōyōkánji 𠮟󠄀, JIS X 0208 has only the official variant 叱. There are also official variants of the following jōyōkánji; none of those variants are in JIS X 0208: 茨 (2 extra variants), 韓 (2), 牙 (2), 栃 (1).


My second question was: "Which 漢字 in level 1 of JIS X 0208 are neither 人名用漢字 nor 常用漢字?"

The answer is the following 297 kanji:

唖 姶 穐 鯵 姐 虻 飴 袷 吋 嘘 欝 蔚 鰻 荏 嬰 洩 盈 穎 頴 厭 掩 焔 鴛 鴬 鴎 蛾 咳 碍 蛙 蛎 鈎 劃 廓 撹 赫 橿 鰍 鰹 竃 噛 栢 苅 姦 桓 澗 潅 翰 諌 舘 癌 翫 贋 妓 蟻 吃 黍 仇 渠 禦 侠 僑 兇 彊 怯 粁 倶 狗 躯 轡 粂 卦 珪 畦 繋 罫 荊 頚 鹸 姑 狐 菰 鈷 佼 垢 糠 肱 砿 濠 麹 鵠 漉 甑 狛 坤 梱 艮 碕 咋 鮭 匙 鯖 捌 鮫 餐 屍 痔 鴫 宍 蔀 屡 蕊 杓 綬 繍 讐 酋 什 戎 夙 薯 藷 鋤 妾 娼 廠 樵 蒋 醤 鉦 鍾 擾 蝕 疹 塵 靭 笥 趨 椙 脆 蝉 栴 煽 箭 舛 賎 糎 岨 鼠 匝 掻 糟 鎗 詑 柁 騨 岱 腿 鐸 蛸 叩 狸 鱈 箪 蛋 蜘 樗 瀦 苧 凋 諜 銚 鎚 栂 掴 鍔 壷 嬬 吊 剃 碇 鏑 轍 甜 顛 澱 屠 菟 鍍 砺 塘 梼 淘 涛 蕩 鐙 鴇 涜 禿 橡 椴 苫 瀞 噸 呑 乍 畷 迩 韮 葱 撚 廼 嚢 膿 覗 蚤 牌 楳 狽 蝿 矧 粕 駁 硲 櫨 溌 醗 筏 噺 蛤 叛 釆 匪 誹 簸 稗 髭 弼 逼 謬 錨 鋲 蒜 蛭 鰭 斌 埠 弗 鮒 扮 糞 僻 箆 鋪 呆 庖 烹 鉾 吠 穆 釦 鮪 桝 侭 粍 鵡 牝 棉 緬 摸 杢 悶 爺 薮 鑓 愈 揖 涌 猷 熔 慾 莱 葎 燐 苓 聯 婁 榔 牢 篭 聾 蝋 歪 鰐 填 剥 頬 龍

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