I recently learned the meaning of the verb suffixes す, む and ぶ (respectively to do, to seem like or to indicate volition, to act like).

I would have two questions :

Does every verb ending with す can be linked with the doing, the making of an action ? (same question, respectively, for verbs ending in む and ぶ)

What about the meaning of verb suffixes る, う, つ, く and ぐ ?

Thank you very much in advance !

  • Never come across this concept before. Do you have a reference? Aug 5, 2021 at 16:03
  • 2
    I'm sure it's possible that there is some artifact truth in what you found: particularly in classical Japanese. But for the modern language, I find it a stretch to think that verbs as diverse as こむ, よむ, たのむ, or すむ have much of a connection to volition in terms of their meaning or that verbs such as とぶ, よぶ, or むすぶ have much to do with acting like. Etymologically it might be possible, but not in a way that modern speakers would be much conscious of, if at all.
    – A.Ellett
    Aug 5, 2021 at 16:23
  • For ぶ : en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E3%81%B3%E3%82%8B#Japanese ; for す and む :japanese.stackexchange.com/questions/86494/… (see the answer) Aug 5, 2021 at 16:27
  • Yes, for me too, it was quite strange that one meaning can incorporate such diverse verbs, but it was implied in the answer of the second link I provided Aug 5, 2021 at 16:34
  • Your 2nd link is more about classical Japanese and perhaps etymological origins, but it's not really saying anything about the productivity of these endings in the modern language.
    – A.Ellett
    Aug 5, 2021 at 16:37


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