At the start of sentences I found these words 察するに and 証拠に


I thought that it was related to this, since I think that it can replace に with と、


But I am not so sure about this one.

1 Answer 1


This 察するに means "Judging from the situation" or "If I guess". This 証拠に means "As an evidence". These に's are grammatically different.

The first に is a literary conjunctive particle which roughly works like と, but with only a small set of verbs. It directly takes the dictionary form of a verb:

The second に is a case particle used as a role/function marker. It takes a noun (including a verb nominalized with の):

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