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I don't understand how to use the right particle after ほか。

Do these examples are correct? If yes what are the differences or nuances between these examples ?

What else did you eat? :

  • ほかに何を食べましたか。
  • ほか何を食べましたか。
  • ほかには何を食べましたか。

I didn't eat anything besides pizza.

  • ピザのほかに何も食べませんでした。
  • ピザのほかは何も食べませんでした。
  • ピザのほかには何も食べませんでした。
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Yes, your six examples sentences are all correct.

ほか followed by no particle works as a conjunction. ほかの works attributively (i.e., modifies the following noun). This difference is important:

  • ほか、牛がいる。
    In addition, there is a cow. / Besides, there are (some) cows.
  • 猫のほか、牛がいる。
    In addition to the cat(s), there is a cow.
  • ほかの牛がいる。
    There is another cow. / There are other cows.
  • × 猫のほかの牛がいる。 (nonsense: "cows other than cats")

ほかに is tricky and it can work like both ほか and ほかの. There tends to be a small pause or a comma when it works as a conjunction.

は in your examples is just a topic/contrast marker, and it's often optional (see this and this for similar examples). It's particularly common in negative sentences. It adds a slight emphasis, but doesn't change the overall meaning of the sentence.

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  • Thanks for your reply, that's much more clear. The の part was easy for me, now I understand the meaning of the は, but I don't understand the nuance with に, if you can give me some explanation it will be great :) – Poulp Jun 17 at 15:04

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