Given the sentence:


I usually interpretate 状 as 'state, condition', but that doesn't seem to fit here (japanese state of business management?). Looking online, lead to 状 as 'styled' and 'japanese styled business management' does make way more sense.

How often does 状 mean 'styled'? Are there other examples?

Why doesn't 日本式 work here instead?

  • I'd say it's probably an OCR error for 流... 日本状 makes no sense to me.
    – naruto
    Commented Apr 17, 2021 at 7:16
  • Could you mention the source of this sentence? It might help.
    – Andrew T.
    Commented Apr 17, 2021 at 8:49
  • 4
    Looks like this is from a JLPT N2 quiz (and probably sourced from the real JLPT N2 2016-2 test, Q.13), though it seems the expected answer is indeed "日本式".
    – Andrew T.
    Commented Apr 17, 2021 at 8:59

1 Answer 1



The statement "今日は大学の講義で日本状の経営について学んだ。" just doesn't sound right to me and I'm a native. I can see what it wants to say, but it just isn't right. Is this on some sort of textbook? Where is this from? At least it certainly isn't something a Japanese person would write. You are right to suggest 式. 

Alternatively, 流 (ryu) would work too.

今日は大学の講義で日本式の経営について学んだ。 今日は大学の講義で日本流の経営について学んだ。

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .