8

It appeared simply as "縮尺:≒1/82" and the meaning is quite clear (="approximately 1/82 scale").

Jim Breen's wwwjdic does not seem to contain an entry for the symbol.

jisho.org suggests only おおよそ 《大凡》but not the symbol itself.

Just randomly googling the symbol does not give me an answer in which I could have confidence. At least it's listed here, though without pronunciation:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Approximation#Unicode

I came across it here, if the source is relevant (one needs to download the pdf for the Hayabusa (隼) to see it in the header.

https://ta7080.wixsite.com/paperfactory/%E8%A4%87%E8%A3%BD-%E3%83%80%E3%82%A6%E3%83%B3%E3%83%AD%E3%83%BC%E3%83%89-download-1-4

4
  • Let me confirm: Is the question asking "What is ≒ called in Japanese?/ What's the name of ≒ in Japanese?", or "What is ≒ in a math formula read/pronounced in Japanese?"
    – Chocolate
    Mar 20 at 16:43
  • I was interested in how to read the exact wording of "縮尺:≒1/82"
    – Ned Reif
    Mar 20 at 17:07
  • 「しゅくしゃく ニアリーイコール いち はちじゅうに」
    – Ned Reif
    Mar 20 at 17:07
  • 1
    Oh! I think 1/82 is 「はちじゅうに[分]{ぶん}のいち」(a fraction), so... it could (strictly?) be 「しゅくしゃく(は)、ニアリーイコールはちじゅうにぶんのいち」, but, hmm I'd probably read it (more casually?) as 「しゅくしゃく(は)、[約]{やく}はちじゅうにぶんのいち」.
    – Chocolate
    Mar 20 at 17:13
11

We pronounce/read ≒ as 「ニアリーイコール」 in maths class in Japanese schools.

For example, we read these:

10 ÷ 3 ≒ 3.3
「じゅうわるさん ニアリーイコール さんてんさん」
√2 ≒ 1.414
「ルート に ニアリーイコール いってんよんいちよん」

参考:

https://sci-pursuit.com/math/nearly-equal.html
https://atarimae.biz/archives/17673
https://www.nli-research.co.jp/report/detail/id=62678?site=nli

4
  • I'm intrigued by this. What level of school is this used in? 'Nearly equal' sounds rather childish in English and we would change it to 'approximately equal' as we got more mature. I wonder if something similar happens in Japanese schools, or does ニアリーイコール sounds sophisticated in Japanese since it is foreign derived? Mar 20 at 17:23
  • 4
    中学と高校の数学で、「ニアリーイコール」って言ってた気がします。小学校では出てこなかった気がします。大学ではどうでしょう、私、文系だったから、理系の大学でどうなのか知らないんですけど、月曜に数学の先生に聞いてみます。
    – Chocolate
    Mar 20 at 17:29
  • 1
    @user3856370 数学の先生に聞いたら、大学でも「≒」は「ニアリーイコール」って読むのだそうです。「他に読み方ありますか?」って聞いたら、「まあ、『約』とか?」だって。
    – Chocolate
    Mar 23 at 13:38
  • Thank you for taking the trouble to find that out. I really appreciate it. Mar 23 at 19:11
3

According to the symbol's Japanese Wiktionary page, the JIS standard assigns to the common name 「ほとんど等{ひと}しい」.

The quoted english name 「APPROXIMATELY EQUAL TO OR THE IMAGE OF」 which is also mentioned is actually the one defined by the Unicode standard.

I wonder whether could be pronounced 近似{きんじ} when reading aloud...

日本において近似を表す記号。JISにおける日本語通称は「ほとんど等しい」、JIS上の名称は「APPROXIMATELY EQUAL TO OR THE IMAGE OF」。

Apparently, this symbol is only used in Japan, while its standard international equivalent is .

日本においてのみ通用。国際標準は「≈」、その他、「∼」,「≃」,「≅」が慣用的に用いられる。

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.