2

As I understand it, they're synonyms except ~にしたがって is more formal, but in Shin Kanzen Master Bunpô N2 it says:

「~につれて」は一方方向の変化の場合にだけ使う。「~にしたがって」は一方方向の変化でなくても使える。

The thing is that the examples that appear in the book with ~にしたがって fit with what I understand as an 一方方向の変化, so I don't know if they just didn't choose the best examples to show the difference, or if I'm not understanding the concept of 一方方向の変化 correctly. The two examples with ~にしたがって are:

車のスピードが上がるにしたがって、事故の危険性も高くなる。

And:

息子は成長するにしたがって、口数が少なくなった。

Can someone explain me the difference between those two structures, or show me an example in which only ~にしたがって would be correct and why?

4

The difference is not large, but there are cases where one sounds more natural than the other.

  • XにつれてY does not strongly assume cause-effect relationships. It can be used when X and Y change almost independently over time. Xに従ってY is more explicit on the cause-effect relationship, and thus preferred in technical contexts.
  • XにつれてY is usually used with temporal changes. (Time is irreversible, so maybe this is what 一方向の変化 in your textbook is referring to?) On the other hand, Xに従ってY has a wider range of usage.

For example...

夜が近づくにつれて、ますます雨が強くなってきた。
As night approached, the rain became heavier and heavier.

In this sentence, つれて is more natural because there is usually no direct cause-effect relationship between nightfall and rainfall. But if there is an approaching typhoon mentioned in the context, 夜が近づくに従って would sound fine, too.

統計によると、英語を学び始める年齢が若くなるに従って発音も正確になる。
Statistics show that the younger one starts learning English, the more accurate his/her pronunciation becomes.

In this sentence 従って is more natural because this is an academic-sounding sentence and "starting age" itself is not something that changes over time.

息子は成長するにしたがって、口数が少なくなった。

In this sentence ~につれて and ~にしたがって are mostly interchangeable, but したがって sounds like the speaker is aware of the fact that boys tend to become more silent as they grow up.

1
  • Thanks a lot! I think it's much clearer now. – Fernando Mar 14 at 17:22
3

It's well explained here. I don't think there's a difference between the two as long as time evolution is concerned, meaning in your examples, you can use both 〜につれて and 〜にしたがって. An important difference is 〜にしたがって can also mean "based on" or "according to" (as defined in 意味② on the page above), e.g. ルールにしたがって (= following the rules). If this is not what they meant with "一方方向の変化でなくても使える", I don't know what they wanted to say.

1
  • Thanks a lot for your answer! – Fernando Mar 14 at 17:21

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