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What is the difference between 均等 and 平等 and 等しい? All of them can be adjectives. Could you make some examples to show the difference?

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均等 is about evenness/uniformness in the mathematical/physical sense. 平等 is about fairness/equality in the ethical/political sense (i.e., being free from discrimination). 等しい is a wago version that just means "equal", and is often interchangeable with the other two. Unlike typical wago, 等しい is a stiff word (同じ is used in casual situations).

  • 正方形を{均等に/等しく}3分割する方法
  • サイコロの目は{均等な/等しい/同じ}確率で出現する
  • 人権とは人間に{平等に/等しく}与えられた権利である
  • 政治家として平等な社会を実現したい
    (BTW 均等な社会, "uniformed society", sounds to me like a dystopia.)
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  • Thank you very much for this answer, now I understand the difference – Eva Mar 14 at 17:35

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