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古池や 蛙飛び込む 水の音

This is a haiku by Matsuo Bashō. Is the や particle doing what it normally does, listing items?

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    Not sure if you are aware this is a famous haiku. I think that piece of information is indispensable to your question. – Eddie Kal Feb 6 at 2:53
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The や indicates 詠嘆・感動 (exclamation/admiration). It's categorized as a 間投助詞 (interjectory particle) in デジタル大辞泉:

や 四 間助
3 詠嘆・感動の意を表す。
「いで、あな幼な」〈源・若紫〉
「夏草つはものどもが夢の跡/芭蕉」〈奥の細道〉

And 明鏡国語辞典 categorizes it as a 終助詞 (final particle):

や (三)〘終助〙
❸ 詠嘆を表す。「これはすごい」「ああ、恐ろし、恐ろし」「高く泳ぐ鯉のぼり〈鯉のぼり〉」◇俳句の切れ字もこれ。「古池[蛙]{かはづ}飛び込む水の音〈芭蕉〉」

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This や is a literary particle used to add emotion or exclamation. It's common in in haiku and waka. It works like O as in "O the ancient pond", or ... as in "The ancient pond...". Note that や has several roles. See jisho.org (the 4th definition) and the following question:

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  • あっ You beat me to it! しまったまたやっちゃたぁ。。ww – Chocolate Feb 6 at 3:02
  • @Chocolate またというか、結構久しぶりのような…w – naruto Feb 6 at 3:48

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