2

So I know you can't use は after an interrogative word like 何 or 誰. However, if you add a か after them, they're no longer interrogative words, right? So I should be able to say something like:

誰かは教室に入ったみたいだな

But for some reason, it sounds wrong. Can you say that or not? I'm not only talking about words like 何か or 誰か, but also 何も and 誰も or 何でも and 誰でも. Basically any interrogative + particle structure. Can they take は?

  • 1
    「誰かが」sounds more natural here but I'm afraid I can't explain why. – JansthcirlU Nov 16 '20 at 22:38
2

Yes, 誰か can safely take は if there is a reason to do so. As you said, this 誰か is not for making a question but is a lexicalized noun meaning "someone". It behaves almost like other ordinary nouns, and you can attach arbitrary particles as long as it makes sense (誰かを, 誰かに "to someone", 誰かと "with someone", 誰かから "from someone", 誰かの "someone's"...).

Then what's the difference between the following two sentences?

  1. 誰か教室に入ったみたいだな。
  2. 誰か教室に入ったみたいだな。

Both are grammatical sentences, and we need nothing new or special to explain the difference. が is used when you plainly introduce 誰か into the discourse, while は is used to make a "contrast". In addition, although less common, you can use は after introducing 誰か into the discourse. For example:

  • (お前と俺は教室に入っていないが、)誰か教室に入ったみたいだな。
    Looks like someone (else) entered the room (although you and I didn't).
  • 誰か学校にいた。その誰か教室に入ったみたいだな。
    Someone was in this school. And that someone seems to have entered the classroom.
  • オフィスに誰かいます。
    There is someone in the office.
  • オフィスに誰かいます。
    There is at least someone in the office.

The same is true with 何か:

  • この扉を開ける何か必要だ。
    You need something to open this door.
  • この扉を開けるのに鍵は必要ないが、何か必要だ。
    You don't need a key to open this door, but you still need something (else).

何も/誰も is not even a noun (it's a negative-polarity adverb), and it doesn't take any particle including は. 何でも/誰でも does not take は in a nonnegative sentence, but it sometimes takes contrastive-は in a negative sentence. For example, 何でもは買えない is "We cannot buy everything", 誰でもは買えない is "Not everyone can buy it".

  • I see, thanks a lot! Much clearer now :) – Fernando Nov 17 '20 at 9:43

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.