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けり has 2 meanings: 過去 and 詠嘆. Is there some sort of trick to find out which one is being used? (besides context, of course)

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    This question is too broad... can you give us an example of when those two terms might feel ambiguous? – Felipe Chaves de Oliveira Nov 12 '20 at 7:56
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  • 詠嘆のけり is placed at the end of the main clause.
  • 詠嘆のけり takes the 終止形 form unless 係り結び is involved.
  • 詠嘆のけり appears more often in quotes than in narrative parts.
  • なりけり is always 詠嘆.
  • In haiku/waka, けり is almost always 詠嘆.

By the way, I feel 詠嘆のけり is somewhat close to 発見のタ in modern Japanese.

References:

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