The verb 我慢する means "to endure", "to put up with something or someone". According to my textbook, it is used with either に or を, but no further explanation is given.

I've been taking a look to several example sentences, and these are my impressions:

  • 我慢する is more frequent than 〇我慢する
  • When 〇 is a person, rather than an object, it is used 〇我慢する (however, there are example sentences where に is used with objects, too).

Some of the example sentences I've found are:




Is there any rule or pattern to help me determine whether I should use に or を (or maybe even if there are cases where both are ok)?



They are semantically different.

  • Xに我慢する means "to put up with X" (i.e., you hate X). Xに耐える is more common.
  • Xを我慢する means "to put up with the lack of X", "to hold off on X", "to try to refrain from X" (i.e., you want X).
  • 1
    But we say stuff like 「痛みを我慢する」「隣がうるさいのを我慢する」 don't we.
    – goldbrick
    Nov 4 '20 at 2:44
  • @goldbrick そうですね…ちょっと良く分からなくなってきた…
    – naruto
    Nov 7 '20 at 6:36

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