I heard that when a non-living object does an action (verbs), it always uses the「が」particle, and when I searched for examples, it seems correct, since「は」always seems to be used as contrastive. However, after I learned about the Exhaustive and Neutral「が」, I don't know why the Neutral one is used here if it's not the Exhaustive:

車が壊れた。 タイヤがパンクした。

I also learned that intransitive verbs always use「が」(Or contrastive は) as well, so, how is it related to neutral「が」?

  • What you heard is not true. It's not always.
    – user4092
    Oct 3 '20 at 23:46

The use of が as a subject-marker is not limited to non-living entities. When a person performs an action, they are also marked with が. It can be transitive or intransitive. For example:

田中さん[subject] 来ました。Mr Tanaka arrived. (intransitive)

田中さん[subject] ピザを食べました。Mr Tanaka ate pizza. (transitive).

The distinction between using は (topic marker) or が (subject marker) has been discussed at length on the site.

  • So what is the difference between this が and は?, are they interchangeable?
    – ひろし
    Oct 5 '20 at 20:16
  • That is a separate question and I suggest you do a search on the site. There are many threads dealing with that. It’s not a simple question and requires research.
    – kandyman
    Oct 5 '20 at 20:18

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