the new version of
The old version of
Can 'verbABCている expressing the PAST'
be CONSIDERED as 'adverbialABC+いる'
and be UNDERSTOOD as 'is/exists+ABCly/in a state of ABC'?
You can follow the examples to understand my question well:
1)て verb as adverbial:
I eat watching the movie.
the adverbial is 見て and the verb is 食べる.
2)て-form for past events/states:
You already (have) died.
My proposition is:
Can we consider 死んで an adverbial in 2) of the verb いる and understand the sentence as:
You already 1(dyingly/in a state of dying/in a state of having died)2(exist/are).
and only consider it a particular case of the general rule 1) where the 'past sense' is contained/hidden in 死んで being an adverbial?
Here's where I started thinking about this idea: て form and adverbial meaning
Yes it's adverbial in relation to the verb (predicate), but you can't say it's simply an adverb (you can't use a te-form verb alone as an adverb).