I've been skimming through Minna no Nihongo and I found this structure:


And I understand the example sentence given with it:


They say that N1 is annoyed or troubled by what happens to N3.

Then I encountered this sentence in a dialogue:


Is it possible that N1 and N2 are the same in this sentence? That the person confused their luggage and was troubled by their own actions?

  • 1
    No, the airport staff gave them the wrong luggage
    – Angelos
    Commented Jul 11, 2020 at 10:03

1 Answer 1


Sometimes the N2 in that pattern is omitted, either if it is clearly understood or if the causal agent is not known or is unclear. In your sentence, N1 is understood to be the speaker, N3 is 荷物, and N2 is omitted. If you imagine that N2 is something like 荷物係 (baggage handler) then it might make more sense to you.

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