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I have a sentence (jlptN4):

その花屋はいつもきれいな花でいっぱいです。

Could someone please explain why it needs で here, not が?

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その花屋はいつもきれいな花いっぱいです。
その花屋はいつもきれいな花いっぱいです。

Both sound good to me.

「XXでいっぱい(だ)」 means "(something is) full of XX" "(something is) filled with XX".
「XXがいっぱい(だ/ある)」 means lit. "XX is many" → "there are many XX".

So the former literally means:
"The flower shop is always full of beautiful flowers."
And the latter:
"As for the flower shop, there're always a lot of beautiful flowers."

You can also say:

その花屋にはいつもきれいな花がいっぱいです/あります。

lit. "In the flower shop, there are always a lot of beautiful flowers."

  • I've deleted my (obviously wrong) answer, but could you comment on where the flaw in my logic was please? – user3856370 Jul 4 '20 at 14:56
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    @user3856370, う~ん... 「いっぱい」 can mean 「満ちている」(full/filled) and 「たくさんある」(many). So, お腹がいっぱいだ is "full", 店が(花で)いっぱいだ is "full", and (店は)花がいっぱいだ is "many"... って感じでしょうか。 – Chocolate Jul 4 '20 at 15:42
  • that's very interesting! thank you for the answer! – Klos Jul 4 '20 at 18:42

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