I found a sentence earlier containing the word 言いだしづら but I parsed it to 2 words and I found I did not know 言いだし so I looked it up and found 言いだす (which I know the meaning of), but I also found another site saying 言いだし is the same thing basically, but I don't know why there is a し. Is this a different word or a conjugation I forgot?


言いだし is the continuative form (連用形) of 言いだす ([言]{い}い[出]{だ}す).

dictionary form - continuative form
[言]{い}う - 言
[出]{だ}す - 出
言いだす - 言いだ
する -
わかる - わか

「[Continuative form of a verb] + づらい」 means "hard/difficult to [Verb]".
づらい comes from an i-adjective らい ([辛]{つら}い), "painful, difficult, tough, hard". The つ gets voiced into づ due to [連濁]{れんだく}.

言う + つらい → 言づらい "hard to say"
言いだす + つらい → 言いだづらい "hard to start talking / hard to speak out"
わかる + つらい → わかづらい "hard to understand"
外出する + つらい → 外出づらい "hard to go out"

  • thank you! just a question, what do you mean by continuative form when i search for it all i come up with is the つて conjugation – user38996 Jun 12 '20 at 11:50
  • @user38996 You could try "the i form" or "ren'yōkei", as in this Wikipedia article, or "pre masu form", or "verb stem". – Chocolate Jun 13 '20 at 1:41

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