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I encountered 配慮 in my word list. Understanding how 慮 contributes to its meaning (which is "consideration") is not very difficult to grasp considering that 遠慮 occurs commonly in daily life. But when I try to associate 配 with 配る and 心配 (and adding 配慮 to the mix), I feel that this kanji does not seem to have a "unifying meaning" associated to it, unlike 木 (although, it might be an unfair comparison because it's a 象形文字). I understand that it's hopeless trying to unify meanings associated to certain kanjis like 占める and 占う. But what about 配?

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    Are you familiar with the expression こころをくばる? – Leebo Jun 11 '20 at 3:26
  • This is the first time I heard it, and it looks very figurative to me :) – rebuuilt Jun 11 '20 at 3:34
  • By the way, ここるをくばる and 心配する have different meanings, right? – rebuuilt Jun 11 '20 at 3:36
  • @Leebo Did you mean 気を配る? – naruto Jun 11 '20 at 5:05
  • @naruto no I did mean こころをくばる. It's in the 大辞林 definition of 配慮, for instance. weblio.jp/content/%E9%85%8D%E6%85%AE They do mean similar things, from what I can tell. In either case, it lends insight into what 配 is doing in 配慮. – Leebo Jun 11 '20 at 5:08
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配 is commonly encapsulated in English with "distribute", but you might also capture much of it with the word "allot", in the sense of allotting each its due. So 配慮 would give you "allotting-consideration", or more idiomatically, "paying consideration".

Source: Comparing all the kanji compounds for 配 in the スーパー大辞林.

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