3

I came across this sentence today and it stumped me a little.

日本で色々な場面に合った話し方が出来るように、日本に行く前に色々なスピーチレベルの話し方を練習しておいた

The 場面に合った part I’m don’t understand, and why is it in past tense?

Thank you in advance!

  • 2
    場面に合った話し方 is "speech style which suits the scenario". I couldn't tell you why it's in past tense. Tense in relative clauses often mystifies me. – user3856370 May 19 at 14:49
8

場面 is "scene/situation", and 合う is "to match/fit/accord". 場面に合う is "to fit the situation". Therefore, 場面に合った話し方 is "the way of speaking that fits the situation", "appropriate way of speaking for each scene", etc.

Regarding this た, it describes not 過去 (past tense) but something called 完了 (perfect aspect). It describes the continuation of the state as a result of an action. It's the fourth definition of デジタル大辞泉:

4 動作・作用の結果が存続している意を表す。…ている。…てある。「割れたガラス窓から風が吹き込む」

This type of た is often interchangeable with ている. Please see the following related questions:

合う, as well as its antonym 間違う, is an instant state-change verb. You may know you can say 合っています ("that's correct") and 間違っています ("that's wrong").

(By the way, the archaic version of this type of た is たり, not べし/べき. たる is the attributive form of たり, so 咲きたる桜 in archaic Japanese is 咲いた桜 or 咲いている桜 in modern Japanese.)

| improve this answer | |
  • So how do you say 場面に合った話し方 in old Japanese? 合うたる話? – a20 May 20 at 21:02
  • 2
    @a20 Perhaps 合ひたる is better. (See example here) – naruto May 20 at 21:12
  • Excellent answer thank you! – Dave07 May 22 at 7:00
0

場面に合った話し方

This used be 合うべき Old/Middle Japanese べき is translated as 'should'.
When you think of 'should' is a past tense of 'shall'.

The way of talking which should fit into the situation.

And 場面に合う話し方 isn't too bad, either.

| improve this answer | |
  • 4
    た used to be べき in old Japanese? Really? – naruto May 20 at 2:01
0

It is basically "Before going to Japan I practiced speaking at various levels so that I could speak in various situations in Japan."

| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.