1

まつさんはラーメンやのうしろの公園に行きます。

In the previous sentence, what is the purpose of the や after ラーメン?

I'm also unsure if the sentence is saying that "Matsu went to the park behind the ramen shop." or "Matsu went to the ramen shop and the park behind it."

Thank you!

2

The や here isn't the particle, it's 屋, which means "shop", and is very commonly used as a suffix to words to represent places that sell exclusively, or mainly, that thing. So ラーメン屋 is the ramen store, just like 本屋 is a bookstore, and サイゼリヤ is the place where you buy saizeri (actually that last one's not true).

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