1

I just came across this sentence in my textbook:

選挙権は国民の権利でもあれば、同時に義務でもある。

I notice that the sentence use "でも" instead of simply "も." What's the difference between "でも" and "も" in this context?

Thanks in advance

2

Xでもある and Xもある are different. Xでもある is Xである with も ("also") added after で. Xもある is the same as Xがある but が is replaced by も ("also").

  • Xである = is X
  • Xでもある = is also X
  • Xがある = there is X
  • Xもある = there is also X

Compare the following sentences:

  • 冷蔵庫にはリンゴもあり、バナナもある
    In the fridge, there is an apple, and there is a banana, too.
  • 彼の好きな食べ物はリンゴでもあり、バナナでもある
    His favorite food is an apple, and a banana, too.

Here the sentence wants to say "選挙権 is 国民の権利 and also 国民の義務", so でもある is the correct option.

(BTW 選挙権は国民の義務である seems to be a wrong opinion to me, but that's another story.)

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