The following is an exercise I do daily to better understand grammar.

I’ll claim A and the title.

Say hello to Black Jack Episode 3, p.1

Title: 第3話75歳の値段

第 is a prefix to form ordinal numbers. In this case, it precedes 3, so third.

話 is a counter for stories, so 3rd episode in this case.

75歳 is something we’ve seen before, the age of the patient Saitou’s in charge of and this is connected with the possessive 『の』.

値段【ねだん】is the cost.

So: Episode 3: the cost of 75 years (of age).


Saitou is sitting by his patient, lost in thoughts. 先生まだ残ってらしたんです『か』?

先生【せんせい】can be teacher or doctor; まだ: yet, still; Then comes 残る. 残る is a godan verb and it has the meaning of “to remain, to be left”. It is conjugated in the 〜て form.

Regarding the 〜て form:

It does not indicate tense by itself, however, it combines with other verb forms to create other tenses.

So that’s clear so far but we’re still missing information. Let’s keep reading:

Additionally, the ~ te form is used in Japanese to connect verbs in a sentence in order to list out successive actions. Used to connect two or more verbs, the ~ te form is used after all but the last sentence in a sequence. The following are examples of this particular ~te usage in a sentence.

So maybe here it is to represent a sequence of action since there’s no いる・います to indicate the progressive state. Sequence implies a minimum of two actions. I don’t know where the second action is, it could be in the next bubble perhaps.

です『か』at the very end is asking a question. The ん which precedes it is a colloquial version of $\color{blue} {の}$ です if I recall correctly.

①Am I right about my interpretation of 残る?

②Am I right about my interpretation of です?

③What is the purpose of 〔らした〕in the sentence?

Say Hello to Black Jack Manga: Episode 3

Article quoted on the -te form

  • 3
    I think your main problem is what らした means, yet you don't seem to have included this part in your analysis. Maybe this link helps: japanese.stackexchange.com/questions/72033/… Apr 29, 2020 at 12:01
  • Yes, I didn’t include it because I don’t understand it and I therefore find myself to analyse it. Will check the link however. I assume I’m right in my understanding of 〜て and 〜んです then. Apr 29, 2020 at 12:18
  • 2
    んです is indeed のです. Hopefully the function of て will become clear when you read the link. You hinted at it already. Apr 29, 2020 at 12:21

1 Answer 1


Yes, you are right about ん. As for your other questions, らした is a less formal, shortened form of いらした, which itself is a variant of いらっしゃった, the honorific form of the verbs いる, 行く, and 来る. I assume in this context that the intended meaning is いる, so you can think of 残ってらした as 残っていた.

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .