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I was about to answer this question when I realised I had a problem.

If I want to say "Please do A or B" where the actions involve different verbs then, hopefully:

本を買うのに店に行くインターネットを使うかどちらかしてください。
Please either go to the shop or use the internet to buy the book.

is a grammatical -- and hopefully natural -- sentence.

So if I wanted to say "You can do A or B" it seems like a natural extension to write:

本を買うのに店に行くかインターネットを使うかどちらか出来ます。
To buy a book you can either go to a shop or use the internet.

But the internet has a disturbing lack of text that contains どちらか出来ます, so I'm guessing that this is, at best, unnatural and maybe ungrammatical too.

If it is unnatural what is the correct way to express that you have the ability to do one thing or another thing (but not necessarily both)?

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    Maybe it would make sense if you gave a more natural example sentence and the situations you might use it in.
    – Ringil
    Mar 26 '20 at 19:38
  • Down vote? Wow, it's getting tough round here. I don't think it takes too much imagination to make this into a valid sentence. Suppose I have a limited amount of time, therefore I can watch a film or read a book, but not both (it's a short book, but a long film). I can go to the gym or do my shopping. I can pay by direct debit or write a cheque. I can catch a bus or drive my car. The list of applicable sentences is endless. Mar 27 '20 at 6:40
  • I didn't downvote but I think your example definitely makes it harder to talk productively on the subject.
    – Ringil
    Mar 27 '20 at 11:49
  • @Ringil Fair enough. I've edited to something which is hopefully more sensible. Mar 27 '20 at 12:16
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    @broccoliforest Sorry for not being able to explain myself clearly. I'm not interested in the particular sentence I just used, but the general construction. Here's another example "In my work break I can either eat my sandwiches or go to a cafe". I'm hoping we can't reduce this example to single verb. Thanks for your help so far. Mar 29 '20 at 15:00
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For "Please do A or B", I think you can use ~するか~してください, as in:

「更新をスタートするにはシャットダウンする再起動してください。」(Windows)
「事前に窓口でお求めいただく、インターネット予約をご利用ください。」(バス会社)
「このままお待ちいただくしばらく経ってからおかけ直しください。」(電話が混んでるときの音声メッセージ)

Likewise, for "You can do A or B", I think you can use 「~するか~することができます」, as in:

"In my work break I can either eat my sandwiches or go to a cafe."
「休み時間は、サンドイッチを食べる、カフェに行くことができます。」
"I can watch a film or read a book (it's a short book, but a long film)."
「映画を(一本)観る、(短い)本を(一冊)読むことができます。」

I think you can also use 「~してもいいし~してもいいです」, as in:

"You can catch a bus or drive your car."
「バスに乗ってもいいし、車で行ってもいいです。」
"You can buy a car or deposit your money in the bank."
「車を買ってもいいし、(または/あるいは/何も買わないで)貯金してもいいですよ。」

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それとも is also another possibility.

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    Your answer would be more complete if you gave an example or two.
    – aguijonazo
    Sep 14 at 5:47

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