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で and と particle can be used to mean "and" in english. For example:

彼女はお金持ちきれい

AさんBさんはいません

In the sentences above, both と and で means "and", but they are not interchangeable. When would one use と and で to imply "and" in english?

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In Japanese you can chain independent statements together by conjugating the statement in the middle into the te-form and just sticking them together. This is what's happening in your first sentence, with で being the te-form of だ. There are two complete statements there: お金持ちだ and きれい. Those both work as sentences by themselves.

The と particle is used for grouping nouns together. (It has other uses as well that aren't relevant here.)

A noun by itself isn't a complete sentence, nor can it be conjugated, so the first method doesn't work on the second sentence. And likewise, since the first sentence isn't combining nouns, と doesn't work there.

| improve this answer | |
  • It isn't a verb – Newbie Mar 17 at 8:35
  • I searched a bit and some people explain it as chaining nouns with で, but to me viewing it as chaining independent sentences together is more intuitive. – Justin N Mar 17 at 8:53

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