I know 「アニメ」 as short for 「アニメーション」, meaning an animated film/cartoon; I tried on Jisho and Weblio, but I couldn't find any other meaning.
Yet I found these senteces, which I'm not sure about by reading 「アニメ」 with that meaning:
First (and less problematic) one; context: three middle school students are using the school ground to practice baseball, and one of them says he is going home earlier than expected:
Is this something like "Eh? If even you study, we should add anime to the exercise collection" (lit.: we should expand the exercise collection with anime)? If so, why 「うちのアニメ」 instead of just 「アニメ」?
Second (and more problematic) one; context: Akihiro is home, his father is watching television; sometimes news about Koushien appears, and Akihiro is pissed off by this:
Does this mean something like, "He didn't hold back and yawned, like a cartoon old cat"? If so, I'm not sure about the sentence structure, since by reading it I'd say it means "The old anime cat yawned without holding back", but even so I'm not sure about why 「老猫のアニメ」 (which sounds to me like "The anime of the old cat") instead of 「アニメの老猫」.
With that translation it could make sense if it were speaking about an anime on television, but since there were Koushien news and a female golfer appeared, this doesn't seem to be the case.