A: あの~、すみません。
B: はい。
A: このへんにこうしゅうでんわはありますか。

In the third sentence, は is used instead of が, but こうしゅうでんわ is something new being added to the conversation, which is a function of が.

  • 2
    Related? japanese.stackexchange.com/q/18573/9831
    – chocolate
    Commented Nov 9, 2019 at 7:05
  • I guess that one way to look at it is that in Xはありますか you clearly know what X is, and you are assuming that the listener also knows what X is (if not then there would be no point asking the question), therefore X is already in the universe of discourse, so は is the correct particle. Commented Nov 9, 2019 at 7:29
  • 1
    Please transcribe images of text. Images are not searchable, among other issues.
    – Em.
    Commented Nov 9, 2019 at 7:53


You must log in to answer this question.