I couldn't find a good way to research this on my own, I'm afraid.
I'm not looking for a comprehensive list by any means (in before it turns out 帰る is the only one...), but rather just a few examples because 帰る always seemed pretty special to me in regard to its pitch accent.

4 Answers 4


Those are extremely rare. Besides 「帰{かえ}る」, I could only think of the following in Standard Japanese.

  • 「入{はい}る」

  • 「通{とお}る」

  • 「返{かえ}す」

  • 「参{まい}る」

*** In case anyone is unsure of what the questioner is talking about, s/he is looking for three-mora verbs in which the pitch accent pattern is 「[〇〇〇]{HLL}」.

「頭高{あたまだか}」 means "head-high".

  • What about 返る? No way 帰る and 返す are both 頭高 but not 返る, right? ...right?
    – Right leg
    Oct 21, 2019 at 16:37
  • 1
    BTW, do you have a good reference for searching the pitch accent of words? In English preferably, but Japanese is fine too :)
    – Right leg
    Oct 21, 2019 at 16:48
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    @Rightleg 返る is arguably the same word as 帰る. It's just a spelling difference to capture a different nuance. Like if we had a different spelling for "run" (a business) versus "run" (a race).
    – Kaz
    Oct 21, 2019 at 22:42
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    @Right, gavo.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/ojad/search/index/sortprefix:accent/… とか accent.u-biq.org/a.html とか、あと weblio.jp/content/%E6%87%90%E4%B8%AD%E9%9B%BB%E7%81%AF ☜「かいちゅうでんとう [5] 」☜ 数字で表示されます
    – chocolate
    Oct 22, 2019 at 1:17
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    申す should be in this list, too.
    – naruto
    Oct 22, 2019 at 4:21

https://www.wadoku.de/ has accent patterns for quite a lot of entries; it translates to German, though…

But its data can be downloaded in XML format, a comprehensive list could be compiled from that with a bit of programming skills.

  • 2
    @ajsmart It's Japanese - German dictionary, which includes pitch accent for Japanese.
    – nhahtdh
    Oct 22, 2019 at 3:58

I've found OJAD, the Online Japanese Accent Dictionary, to be particularly useful in providing pitch patterns for conjugated forms as well. And poking around just now, I discovered that the site does have tools for looking up, say, 1) all verbs 2) that have 頭高 pitch patterns and 3) have 3 morae.

Search results: http://www.gavo.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/ojad/search/index/category:verb/accent_type:2/mola:3/sortprefix:accent/narabi1:kata_asc/narabi2:accent_asc/narabi3:mola_asc/yure:visible/curve:invisible/details:invisible/limit:20

If that list is accurate, there are 10 such 3-mora verbs with 頭高 pitch patterns.

If you're curious about other sets of common terms with a specific pitch pattern and length, just play around with the 検索の条件 options. Happy searching!

PS: The UI of the site is all in Japanese by default, but you can click the flag icons in the upper right to choose a different UI language.


I know this question was posted 4 years ago but I'll offer my insight anyhow. I too am on a "pitch learning" journey with my Japanese vocabulary, and one interesting rule I've found is that most katakana 3 mora loan words are atamadaka.

テレビ - TErebi カメラ - KAmera バナナ - BAnana ドバイ - DObai ハワイ - HAwai アイス - Aisu

This rule is actually part of another rule that states most loan katakana words have a high to low pitch on the 3rd to last mora.

I hope whoever comes across this reply finds it useful.

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