1

I'm trying to understand the usage of 二つ下 in the following sentence.

シンちゃんは私の二つ下のいとこです

When I read it without 下 it sounds like:

Shin-chan is my second cousin or something along those lines.

The issues is I don't understand the usage of 二つ let alone 二つ下 in this sentence.

Wouldn't it usually be written as シンちゃんの私のはとこです

I'm a bit confused here.

3

In 明鏡’s definition for 下:

❺ 地位・能力・程度・年齢などが劣っていること。また、その人。 「3歳下の弟」

Namely, 下 can refer to the fact that someone’s position, ability, level, or age is lower. In your case it’s age.

In the example it uses 歳 instead of つ for the counter, but つ (as well as 個) work for age just fine, albeit slightly informal.

  • 1
    I can see my mistake now, this sentence was just meant to be read as: My cousin Shin-chan is two years younger than me. ありがとうございますダリウス先生! – Seishin Kan Sep 20 at 4:17
  • How is 下 pronounced on this context? – user3856370 Sep 20 at 8:50
  • 1
    @user3856370 した – Darius Jahandarie Sep 20 at 14:36

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