I'm a total newbie learning japanese as you will see, so please be patient with me. I have this sentence from my textbook:

Shiken no toki jisho o minai de kudasai!

Because it was a new lesson, I didn't know what were the meanings for shiken or toki, so I've just assumed that toki is an adjective for jisho and after I've looked up the words in the vocabulary section, it suddenly became really strange for me to think about how am I going to translate it.

So, my question is: Couldn't ni particle be used there between toki and jisho:

Shiken no toki ni jisho o minai de kudasai!

to mark the time in which the action takes place? I know the sentence is obvious for someone who does know japanese, but I'm only asking this for grammar purposes.

Thank you for your patience!

  • I found out that in the textbook it is stated something about the ni particle in combination with nouns like mainichi. It's briefly explained that the ni particle cannot be used when associated with relative time [mainichi in book's example] (I hope I translated it well, the textbook is not in english). I guess this could answer my question, but I'll gladly wait for anyone who's more knowledgeable to answer. Thank you! – yierstem Sep 6 '19 at 14:49

Yes, you can use ni there.

Shiken no toki ni jisho o minai de kudasai!

This sentence is grammatically correct and actually used. A web site https://oshiete.goo.ne.jp/qa/98363.html explains the reason:


I understand the example

Shiken no toki ni




  • 2
    This answer seems to imply that something like "ashita ni" would be 100% grammatically correct and more formal than just "ashita". Is that what you meant to imply? – Leebo Sep 6 '19 at 10:59
  • @Leebo, yes, your understanding is right. – akawaguc Sep 6 '19 at 11:01
  • 3
    I have to disagree with that then. – Leebo Sep 6 '19 at 12:27
  • 2
    @akawaguc in the two examples listed (7時 and 3月15日), those are both specific times, where as things like きょう, あす and あさって are relative times. That was what I was objecting to, about applying に to relative times. – Leebo Sep 11 '19 at 7:04
  • 1
    @Leebo, thank you again for your pointing out that. You are right. I re-editted my answer. – akawaguc Sep 11 '19 at 11:09

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