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What are these two characters marked red? I'm trying to learn reading some kid books, some Bonobono font chars meaning though is a mystery for me.

screenshot from Bonobono manga

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To actually answer the question, the characters are な (na) and ぢ (pronounced ji, but di in certain romanisations).

To address the meaning of what's being said, I understand that there is a slight difference in the meaning of いじめる and いぢめる, both meaning to bully/tease.

いぢめる has some sense of cuteness/playfulness about it: perhaps you're teasing someone, but you don't really mean for your words to hurt them -- you might use the kanji 苛める.

いじめる on the other hand has the true meaning of bullying about it: more hurtful and unpleasant -- you might use the kanji 虐める.

Note, however, that the (strictly) correct 'spelling' of both of the above verbs in modern Japanese is いじめる.

The use of ぢ in いぢめる is a historical spelling of the verb, before ぢ was (largely) rationalised to じ in the 1946 script reforms. Both じ and ぢ are pronounced the same, except for I think in certain dialects in Kyushu and Shikoku.

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    But I don't think there's a meaning difference between them outside orthographical play... – broccoli forest Aug 11 at 13:28
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「いめる?」
「いじめいよォ」

Note, the word is いじめる and is normally never spelled いぢめる. It seems spelling it that way is a quirk of this character.

(Normally じ and ぢ would be pronounced the same (ji), but in this case it’s possible the artist was going for something more ‘squirrel-like’ in pronunciation, like an emphasized/partially-voiced ち.)

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