While trying to write about an experiment I have done, I am having trouble deciding which words are appropriate for describing what I want to describe.
In non-scientific English, precise, and accurate have mostly overlapping meaning, as evidenced by the jisho entry for 正確 containing all three.
However, when using these words in a formal setting, the difference in meaning becomes more apparent. I was hoping to know if anyone has knowledge on what Japanese words would be used or how they are used to convey a similar difference while speaking Japanese.
A brief delineation of what I consider the differences between the three words:
accuracy: A measure of how much a method/machine gives repeated results clustered around the true answer.
precision: A measure of how much a measurement method/machine gives repeated results close to each other.
(These are the nouns rather than the adjectives, but I found the nouns less wordy to define)
See image for visualization:
So, if anyone has insight into how to express these terms in Japanese, both accurately and precisely, that would be appreciated!
Edit: If there is also common words for the opposite of these concepts (i.e. inaccurate or imprecise) those would be useful too.