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It's common enough to see two possible pronunciations of a word in Japanese.
For example, take the word 容態 (meaning 'condition' or 'state').

According to 三省堂 スーパー大辞林, both ようたい and ようだい are acceptable readings of the word. I notice that this happens a lot with names too - for example 中田 being read as either なかた or なかだ.

What is the technical reason that voiced and unvoiced variants are both acceptable?

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