2

Do the following two sentences mean the same thing?

部下は課長に残業を頼まれました。

課長は部下に残業を頼ませました。

5

No, these do not mean the same thing.

部下は課長に残業を頼まれました。
部下 was asked by 課長 to work overtime.

課長は部下に残業を頼ませました。
課長 made 部下 ask [a third person] to work overtime.

The latter is a "double-causative" sentence involving three people. The former refers to the same event as the following sentence:

課長は部下に残業を頼みました。
課長 asked 部下 to work overtime.

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