According to my textbook, verb and i-adjective sentences can be chained with the 連用中止【れんようちゅうし】 form like this:

enter image description here

Later on, I came across this exercise where I'm required to replace the adjectives' endings by the corresponding 連用中止. But I do not know how to turn 静かで into 連用中止 in the following sentence:

enter image description here

北海道【ほっかいどう】の7月の海は、深【ふか】く、青【あお】く、静【しず】か ___、絵のように美しかった。

Is this feasible? What about sentences that end with a noun?

Thank you very much

1 Answer 1


No, you cannot omit で after 静か. As your textbook clearly says, this grammar is about verbs and i-adjectives.


See: いAdjective. difference between くて and く

EDIT: You can also use copula-like である and say "深く、青く、静かであり、絵のように美しかった", too.

You may see two na-adjectives connected without a particle ("簡単、便利なチャットアプリ" instead of "簡単で便利なチャットアプリ"), but this is another story.

  • 1
    I see. My intent typing 静か____ was not to ask whether I can omit で or not, but to ask if I can place something there ____ that works similarly for the case of なadjectives. Maybe something along the lines of 「…青く、静かであり、絵のように美しかった」? I am not sure if your answer just points out that omitting で is not possible or you actually want to say that 静かで is the only possible option. Thank you.
    – jarmanso7
    Commented May 5, 2019 at 20:55
  • I'm not a native speaker, but 静かであり sounds completely unnatural to me in this context. Also, note that what you are suggesting would involve substituting a shorter, simpler form for 深くて and 青くて, while substituting a longer, more complex form for 静かで. In that sense, you'd be making the terms less parallel, rather than more so.
    – Nanigashi
    Commented May 5, 2019 at 21:14
  • Please take a look to this entry and this answer. Thank you for your thoughts on this.
    – jarmanso7
    Commented May 5, 2019 at 21:19
  • Hmm, what do you mean with less parallel? I mean, to me くて、くて sounds more natural than く、く、 just because I'm used to the former construction, but at the end, both are valid. I don't see why it should'nt be the case with で and であり (provided both are valid, which I'm not sure).
    – jarmanso7
    Commented May 5, 2019 at 21:24
  • 3
    である conjugates like a verb, and "深く、青く、静かであり" sounds completely natural to me. It's stiffer and more bookish than "深くて、青くて、静かで".
    – naruto
    Commented May 5, 2019 at 22:29

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .