With the use of a dictionary, along with reading some web pages, I understood the meaning as well as the proper usage of 「延びる/延ばす」and 「伸びる/伸ばす」. But I noticed an overlapping in meaning regarding「延べる」and「伸べる」. Do the former two groups of verbs have differences in meaning and usage with「延べる」and「伸べる」.

1 Answer 1


Difference のびる/のばす and のべる

のべる has meaning as make flat something thick or fold.

  1. 空間的に長くする。また、広くする。
    • ㋐たたんであるものなどをひろげる。敷く。「布団を―・べる」
    • ㋑(「手をのべる」の形で)対象に向かって届かせるように手をのばす。積極的にさし出す。さしのべる。「手を―・べて助けおこす」「救いの手を―・べる」
    • ㋒かたまり状の物を、打って均質に薄く広げる。「飴(あめ)を―・べる」「金(きん)を―・べる」

伸べる/延べる(ノベル)とは - コトバンク

On the other hand, のびる has wider meanings. But, のびる's meaning of make flat is used for thinner thing.

  1. ものの長さ・高さ・広がりが増す。
    • ㋔(伸びる)全体にうすく、均質にひろがる。「よく―・びる塗料」

伸びる/延びる(ノビル)とは - コトバンク

For better comprehension, I'll explain about other differences.

Difference of 延 and 伸, in meaning of extension


伸べる/延べる(ノベル)とは - コトバンク

延 has meaning as extending schedule.

まっすぐのびる。長くのばす。「伸縮・伸張・伸展/引伸・急伸・屈伸」 伸(シン)とは - コトバンク

伸 has meaning as extend straightly.

I think 伸 is used with a thing which has form, but I couldn't find source about it.

Difference of 伸べる and 延べる


See again 伸べる/延べる(ノベル)とは - コトバンク. These are used as a same word.

  • 1
    Don't forget to mention that のべる and のばす are 他動詞 / transitive verbs, whereas のびる is a 自動詞 or intransitive verb. May 9, 2019 at 18:41

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.