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What is a correct translation for 「そんなことない」 and when can it be used?

I understand the "this is wrong"/"this is not correct" general sense but is this considered either as harsh or a gentle way of showing disagreement?

Also a direct translation would be "there is no such thing". Can this expression be applied to a person?

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It is relatively gentle, and a good way of allaying fears or dispelling misconceptions.

お邪魔みたいですので、これで失礼しますね… It seems like I'm interrupting you, so I'll see myself out... そんなこと(は)ないですよ Not at all! / Don't be silly! / No such thing!

かなり怖い人だそうですけど… I heard he's quite a scary person...
そんなことない Not at all.

If by your last question you mean can the "thing" be a person, I would say no. When you start making the "thing" a literal object instead of a fact, そんなものはない (there is no such thing [here]) fits better, and for people, そんな人はいない (there is no such person [here]).

  • This is what I wanted to figure out. Thanks! – Thomas Moulard Sep 11 '12 at 13:07

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