About verb modify as nouns Normally verb if want to treat as nouns is add こと/物 /の Today learned verb dictionary+に限る Why it is use dictionary form verb instead of stem form From what I learn before verb stem + に行く,verb stem is used Does it mean に限る , the verb before に is treat as nouns? Example 疲れた時はお風呂に入るに限る Is 入る as a nouns?How can に be put after a verb's plain form? What is this usage? Learned に can be put after a verb stem so far only Can verb directly use as a nouns?

1 Answer 1


Yes, に can come directly after the dictionary form of a verb in many situations. It's hard to generalize.

It may be best to memorize each pattern without thinking too much. But in case you're curious, に was an archaic conjunctive particle similar to modern と/ので/のに, and it is still surviving in some constructions of modern Japanese. In addition, there was no nominalizer の/こと in archaic Japanese. In modern Japanese, sometimes the dictionary-form (or, to be exact, attributive-form) of a verb can act as a noun in certain proverbs and idioms. See this.

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