I saw the following sentences in a picture (attached to the footnotes) and the way it's written exactly the same:



Since it's from a social media, I think the sentence was broken out and a part of it dropped to the following line. But I don't understand the reason why the sentence finished in the te-form and using the same verb two times.

Besides, as you can see, there is a line break between the two sentences, and the person used the te-form for the 悲しい adjective and I don't know whether is connected to the sentence or not, and I don't know if it's being used as an adverb or something else.

The person seemed to be breaking up with someone, because in another sentence that it's not in the picture, they used 別れ.

Thank you.


  • My guess is that this is job-related -- the clue is スタッフさん, which suggests "members of the staff". – Eiríkr Útlendi Apr 4 '19 at 0:08
  • @Eiríkr Útlendi I thought the same, but the person said before "今日はお世話になった事務所の方にお花を買って会いに行きました". That's what makes me more confused :( – BIG-95 Apr 4 '19 at 0:11
  • It's kind of difficult to explain because there's no significant reason. – user4092 Apr 5 '19 at 14:24

Is this a message card or something? Although this looks a bit "self-absorbed" to me, basically there was something very sad, but the author is also thankful to the "staff" at the same time.

Apparently ありがとうございますが溢れて溢れて is a title, so this te-form connects to nothing. Ending a sentence or a title with a te-form (or てさ, てね, てよ, etc) is possible. See: て form at end of phrase but not being used for requests In a sense, this heavy use of the te-form makes this "poem" look more informal, colloquial or emotional. 溢れて is repeated simply for emphasis, just like how English speakers say "I ran and ran."

悲しくて悲しくて seems to be the te-form for reason/cause. This person wanted to buy flowers because he/she was sad... I know that's an odd reason to buy flower, but that's how I read this part.

  • I updated the picture from my post to the original size. It's not a title, but it's a Instagram Story. I don't even know whose it is... I don't know if through the new image, you're going to find something else to edit your answer. If not, then thank you. It really helped me. て-form seems to be the super-form. There are so many meanings. I learned a new meaning of the て-form... Thanks! – BIG-95 Apr 8 '19 at 23:44

In the case, て is the first word of -ing, ている in Japanese .

溢れて is 溢れ-ている 悲しくて is 悲しん-でいる

-_________________________ ありがとうございます が溢れて溢れて

You can say,

ありがとうございます がとても溢れて

悲しくて悲しくて 人にお花を買いたいと思う気持ち。

You can say ,

とても悲しくて 人にお花を買いたいと思う気持ち。

Repeating the same word is one of the common ways to emphasize it, and it makes the expression more emotional, colloquial and so on.

You can say like the following, ありがとうありがとう が溢れて

悲しくて悲しくて 人にお花を買いたい買いたいと思う気持ち。

  • I study Japanese for three years and I know that Japanese people explain things in a different way; some people may find confusing. I think you're a Japanese. Your user name also denotes that. There is no need to vote down in a new user, especially before commenting to help the user. I voted up to show people that. Learning Japanese is also about learning how to become a better person. You actually answered part of my question, and I'm grateful. Repeating the word emphasizes the feeling. I expected that. Thank you. But I don't know how the te-form would be te-iru in that case, as you said. – BIG-95 Apr 5 '19 at 0:17
  • Are you saying that when the person uses the same verb two times in the te-form, the meaning behind it would be the same as ている and at the same time emphasizing the emotion? ... Could we say that the meaning would be "(I'm so grateful that) it's "overflowing" thank you", becoming something like "I don't even have words to describe how grateful I am; if we put my gratitude inside a cup, it would probably overflows it". Is it something like that? That's my guess. One thing that I'm confusing about is how "悲しくて悲しくて" connects with the remaining part of the sentence. – BIG-95 Apr 5 '19 at 0:26
  • Seiji, this community is very strict about the answers, because they want to be organized here. You should read the tour if you didn't, and take a look at the help center in general. But thank you anyway to dispose your time answering me. I hope you can improve your answer. – BIG-95 Apr 5 '19 at 0:29

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