Goo dictionary lists the 連体形 (attributive) form of copula as です but does not provide an example of an attributive usage. Can です be really used attributively? I have problems finding any example of it.

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    「です」の連体形っていうと・・「~です+ので」とか? 「~です+noun」って、なさそうですねぇ‥
    – chocolate
    Commented Mar 14, 2019 at 9:17
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    Odd really that it can’t be used like that, since 〜ます+noun is fine in formal contexts. 🤔 I don’t think I’ve ever seen 〜であります+noun or 〜でございます+noun, but it feels like they should be possible to use in theory... Commented Mar 14, 2019 at 15:56
  • 「中村の弟でございます中村太郎と申します。」って大丈夫ですよね…?「です」にすると文が途中で終わる感じになっちゃいますよね…なんででしょう笑 Commented Mar 14, 2019 at 16:09
  • @DariusJahandarie, I think it's because of the way that です is a sort of artificial construct that appeared relatively recently. Although it grew out of でございます and/or であります, it functions differently, more specifically as a kind of 終止形 defective copula that imparts specific register information. ("Defective" in part in that it is analyzable as only functioning as register and not as a copula in [形容詞]いです constructions; hence the invalidity of *[形容詞]いだ.) Commented Mar 14, 2019 at 18:03

1 Answer 1


According to this page, the attributive です connects to only ので and のに.



It's also possible to say ですこと and ですもの at the end of a sentence, but this こと/もの is usually categorized as a sentence-end particle rather than a noun.

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    I must disagree with that page on one count -- the 連体形 by definition is the form that attaches to a 体言. Since です never attaches to a 体言, by definition, it cannot be the 連体形. である could be, but not です. Considering also the historical development of です, it is kind of an artificial construct that functions a little differently than earlier であります, so this lack of a real 連体形 functionality is not all that surprising. Trying to force です into the full verb-paradigm model is a mistake, in my opinion. Commented Mar 14, 2019 at 17:01
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    (To clarify: I have no argument with naruto's post, just with the linked kokugobunpou.com/助動詞/です page. :) ) Commented Mar 14, 2019 at 17:01

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