Goo dictionary lists the 連体形 (attributive) form of copula as です but does not provide an example of an attributive usage. Can です be really used attributively? I have problems finding any example of it.

  • 1
    「です」の連体形っていうと・・「~です+ので」とか? 「~です+noun」って、なさそうですねぇ‥ – Chocolate Mar 14 '19 at 9:17
  • 1
    Odd really that it can’t be used like that, since 〜ます+noun is fine in formal contexts. 🤔 I don’t think I’ve ever seen 〜であります+noun or 〜でございます+noun, but it feels like they should be possible to use in theory... – Darius Jahandarie Mar 14 '19 at 15:56
  • 「中村の弟でございます中村太郎と申します。」って大丈夫ですよね…?「です」にすると文が途中で終わる感じになっちゃいますよね…なんででしょう笑 – Darius Jahandarie Mar 14 '19 at 16:09
  • @DariusJahandarie, I think it's because of the way that です is a sort of artificial construct that appeared relatively recently. Although it grew out of でございます and/or であります, it functions differently, more specifically as a kind of 終止形 defective copula that imparts specific register information. ("Defective" in part in that it is analyzable as only functioning as register and not as a copula in [形容詞]いです constructions; hence the invalidity of *[形容詞]いだ.) – Eiríkr Útlendi Mar 14 '19 at 18:03

According to this page, the attributive です connects to only ので and のに.



It's also possible to say ですこと and ですもの at the end of a sentence, but this こと/もの is usually categorized as a sentence-end particle rather than a noun.

| improve this answer | |
  • 1
    I must disagree with that page on one count -- the 連体形 by definition is the form that attaches to a 体言. Since です never attaches to a 体言, by definition, it cannot be the 連体形. である could be, but not です. Considering also the historical development of です, it is kind of an artificial construct that functions a little differently than earlier であります, so this lack of a real 連体形 functionality is not all that surprising. Trying to force です into the full verb-paradigm model is a mistake, in my opinion. – Eiríkr Útlendi Mar 14 '19 at 17:01
  • 1
    (To clarify: I have no argument with naruto's post, just with the linked kokugobunpou.com/助動詞/です page. :) ) – Eiríkr Útlendi Mar 14 '19 at 17:01

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.