I was glancing at some old manuscripts from the Heian period (左経記 pg. 10) when I saw the following: 左経記 pg. 10

I know that typically 々 means to repeat the previous kanji, but what does it mean when its following a 、? Also, is there a reason there are so many of them in a row like in 々々々應召?

  • 1
    Wild guess, the two in a row stand for 巳及, and the three in row stand for 令召右. Commented Mar 13, 2019 at 23:48
  • 3
    This is not really Classical Japanese, it's Kanbun(漢文), which is really just Classical Chinese(文言文)
    – sazarando
    Commented Mar 14, 2019 at 0:01
  • 2
    The「、」is just a generic pause mark - notice how there's no「。」in the entire book, which means「、」would be rendered as either「、」or「。」in a more modern orthography. Also @sazarando JSE doesn't seem to have a tag for kanbun hmm...
    – dROOOze
    Commented Mar 14, 2019 at 0:07
  • The forward(part of the 標題 section)is in Classical Japanese though...
    – sazarando
    Commented Mar 14, 2019 at 0:20
  • 2
    Making a new tag for kanbun makes sense. I wouldn't say kanbun is "just" Classical Chinese, though.
    – user1478
    Commented Mar 14, 2019 at 0:38

1 Answer 1


「々」is called「同{どう}の字{じ}点{てん}」it is used to repeat 1 previous character.

 = 人

When there are multiple 同の字点 it means to repeat 'n' previous characters.

  • 已及深更、深更後... =

  • 已及深更、々々後...


  • 令召右大辨、右大辨應召 =
  • 令召右大辨、々々々應召

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