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The archaic Japanese word bateren 伴天連 / 破天連 (referring to a missionary [Jesuit] priest) is derived from the Portuguese padre.

The Portuguese word notably does not contain or end in a nasal consonant, and all other Portuguese loans to Japanese I'm familiar with only end in ん when the Portuguese word itself has an n/m or nasal vowel.

Given this, why was it adapted as bateren as opposed to the expected *batere / *patere?

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My hypothesis is that it was influenced by the similar word, iruman (イルマン / 入満 / 伊留満 / 由婁漫) (from pt. irmão, "a layman or scholastic training for the priesthood", note the nasal vowel), as this word was borrowed at the same time and in the same context.

However, I found no direct evidence to support this claim.


Sources:
- Japanese Traditions of Christianity (p.10, n.12, 13)
- The Kakure Kirishitan of Japan: A Study of Their Development, Beliefs and ... (p.69)
- Women Religious Leaders in Japan's Christian Century, 1549-1650 (p.2, n.6)

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