I was studying this kanji and looked at the strokes order to figure out how to write it, only to realize the difference between the pc font one and the diagram. Why is the 3 look-alike only on hand drawn?


I'm assuming that this is a question on the different shapes of the「⻍・⻌」component of「道」.

For reference, the glyph origin of「⻍・⻌」is shown below via the character「過」.「⻍・⻌」is a merger between「彳」and「止」;「止」eventually became drastically simplified, but「彳」still retains most of its structure in the print form, while slightly simplified in the handwritten form.


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There are two print shapes that you will see in Japanese fonts:

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The left hand shape applies to most* of the printed forms of the Jōyō kanji, of which「道」is a member. The right hand side is the orthodox print shape, and applies to all other kanji.

Regardless of whether the character is a Jōyō kanji or not, the handwritten shape (should) always look like this:

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This is equivalent to taking the right hand print shape and merging the second and third strokes:

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The reason why Japanese decided to apply the left hand print shape, and only to the Jōyō kanji, is rather convoluted, and not relevant to how you should learn handwriting. Just remember the handwriting shape, and make use of handwriting previews.

*The left hand print shape is no longer applicable for new kanji coming into the Jōyō kanji list. See the jisho.org entries for「謎」,「遡」, and「遜」, which are new (2010) Jōyō kanji and use the right hand (orthodox) print shape, but do not follow their stroke order diagrams, which are incorrect and caused by a severe misunderstanding about the structure of the left hand side of「⻍・⻌」.

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This is incorrect; never write with both two dots and a curl. Either imitate the orthodox print shape (two dots and a straight vertical finish) or the handwriting shape (one dot and a curl).

As always, follow a handwriting font:

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  • You're right, I wanted to know why the handwritten shape was different. Thank you, now I know which form to use when writing it! – Ada Feb 7 at 20:48
  • @drooze Just to clarify: the 'one-dot' shape applies to all printed joyo kanji up to 2010. the 'two-dot' shape applies to all other kanji, including joyo kanji since 2010. But when you write any shinnyo kanji by hand, you must use the 'one-dot' version. Is that correct? – kandyman Jun 11 at 12:20
  • also, can you clarify what you mean by "two dots and a straight vertical finish" ? – kandyman Jun 11 at 12:22
  • @kandyman when you write it by hand, it looks like the three characters in the last image. Notice how it's not the number of dots (which is always 1) in handwriting, it's the fact that there's a curl (3-shape) on the left. None of the print shapes have that. For "two dots and a straight vertical finish" look at the last image of 「過」. As opposed to handwriting, the curl (3-shape) doesn't occur in print shapes. – droooze Jun 11 at 12:28
  • Ok so writing always uses the 'curl' whereas printed versions differentiate between joyo-to-2010 and all other. Are there any other radicals with this strange characteristic? – kandyman Jun 11 at 12:31

English/Latin letters have similar differences between hand-written and printed forms. (Think about how most people would write the letter 'a' or the number '4') Historically, many of the differences between type forms and hand-written forms come from the technology used for printing.

Obviously, hand-writing pre-dates printing, so the hand-written form came first (the 3-like part of 道). When characters were adapted to metal movable type the form was often modified to make the type easier to make, easier to read, last longer or print better. This is the case for the font shown on the website you referenced.

More information on the radical in question, "之繞{しんにょう}":


This link supports what droooze mentions above, namely that the 3-like shape comes from merging the second and third strokes of an older form, which has 2 dots rather than 1. However, it also states that the 2-dot + curl form is "general", though not "correct".

  • I would like to mention that I think my answer addresses why 之繞 looks the way it does in the print font questioned by the OP, whereas droooze's answer answers the OP from the other end, namely why the handwritten font looks the way that it does. – sazarando Feb 7 at 3:55
  • 1
    Thank you for the link, very interesting read! It does make sense that they would simplify it, but it was also quite confusing. – Ada Feb 7 at 20:50

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