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日本海側では太平洋側より雪がたくさん降りますか。

はい、日本海側の方雪がたくさん降ります。

So, can I use 2 が in 1 sentence, or can there be only one? And which one should stay there?

As I learned yesterday, since 雪 was already mentioned in the question, the 2nd が can (or must) be changed to は but I'm not sure. Also, is there a need to keep any of particles there (I mean after 雪)? Would 「はい、日本海側の方雪たくさん降ります」be incorrect?

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Since 雪 was already mentioned in the question, the 2nd が can (or must) be changed to は

Yes that would be the first rule you learn regarding the が/は distinction, but unfortunately, there are more rules to consider. See this question for a starter: What's the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)?

In a simple sentence, there can be two は's when contrastive-は is involved, and there can be two が's when exhaustive listing-が is involved:

彼は英語ができます。
He can speak English.

彼は英語できます。 (bold: contrastive-は)
He (at least) can speak English (but he has a certain shortcoming).

英語ができます。 (bold: exhaustive-listing-が)
(Among them,) It is he who can speak English.

In your example, 日本海側たくさん降ります is the neutral sentence which should be said when there is no prior context. But in this context you are comparing two regions, so exhaustive-listing-が should be used in place of the plain thematic-は.

日本海側は雪がたくさん降ります。
On the Sea of Japan side, we get a lot of snow.
(Use this if there is no prior context.)

日本海側雪がたくさん降ります。
It is on the Sea of Japan side that we get a lot of snow.
(Use this as a reply for your initial question.)

日本海側たくさん降ります。
Regarding snow, we get a lot of it on the Sea of Japan side.
(This is also fine as a reply, but now you're changing the topic from 日本海側で to 雪. In other words, if you feel the current topic is "Where does it snow in Japan" rather than "What is the meteorological difference between the two sides of Japan", you can say this.)

Finally, of course there can be lots of が's in compound or complex sentences (e.g., sentences that have relative clauses, sentences with multiple clauses joined with te-form, etc).

  • This is good and very imformative, thanks. But what do I do with Aの方がB construction? Does it still follow the rules you described here? – Tawahachee Jan 29 at 10:56
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    @Tawahachee Yes, the exhaustive-listing-が works with or without の方, but please notice a small difference in meaning; 彼が英語ができます (there may be more than two people, and he may be the only person who speaks English) vs 彼の方が英語ができます (sounds like you are comparing two English speakers, and he is the better one) – naruto Jan 29 at 11:08

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