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Could someone please explain the differences in usage and meaning? It would be nice with some example sentences as well.

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Definitions mostly taken from Goo/デジタル大辞泉(小学館)

真ん中 is the most limited of the three. It only applies to 距離・場所・順序など and means the exact center/middle.

  • 町の真ん中にある建物
  • 三人兄弟の真ん中

中央 includes the definition of 真ん中. It also means ある組織や機関の中で、最も重要な機能をになっているところ. That is to the say sub-organizations that are centrally important to an organization. For example,

党の中央

references the central/ruling committee of a party. Accordingly, it can also refer to the central/national government.

中心 includes the definition of 真ん中, but also includes a few other definitions of note.

  1. 物事の集中する場所。また、最も重要な位置にある物や人。また、その位置。
    • 大阪を中心とした関西の特徴 means with Osaka as the central example, the unique characteristics of Kansai region.
    • 話題の中心 means a central/major topic of conversation.
  2. The center of a circle: 中心
  3. The barycenter/center of gravity in physics. 質量中心. It is also called 重心
  4. こころの内。心中{しんちゆう}. The inside of your heart.
  • 3
    When you quote and paraphrase a substantial portion of a definition like this, you really need to cite your source. In this case, it looks like your source is 大辞泉, so it needs to be clearly marked as such. – snailboat Dec 26 '18 at 23:07
  • @snailboat thanks for reminding me. I honestly thought I did, but apparently I forgot to do so in the end. – Ringil Dec 27 '18 at 16:00

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