-3

The first two seem interchangeable to me?

The other 3 from what I gather, sensaku is more of looking into something via informal channels like asking someone about it? While Kensaku is for looking things up via dictionaries, computer etc. while Tansaku seems to be looking via journey/quest?

Help appreciated.

  • 1
    You are asking two different things at a time, which serves as a reason for close-vote. – naruto Nov 28 '18 at 2:13
1

温存 and 保存

温存

[名](スル)大切に保存すること。使わずにしまっておくこと。「主力を温存する」

https://kotobank.jp/word/%E6%B8%A9%E5%AD%98-455906

Which basically means "保存する preciously". So if we look at the other one, we should get both meanings, right?

保存

[名](スル)そのままの状態に保っておくこと。「文化財を保存する」「永久保存」

https://kotobank.jp/word/%E4%BF%9D%E5%AD%98-11858

Which means "conserve it in its current state".

The main translation we get for 温存 is "preserve" which makes sense because if we look up "preserve" in the dictionary, we get:

to keep something as it is, especially in order to prevent it from decaying or being damaged or destroyed

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/preserve

Which is quite similar to the one we get for 温存 on https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/thsrs/1927/meaning/m0u/

【2】「温存」は、消耗をさけ、力を残しておくこと。 Which basically means to keep something so that it doesn't get 消耗 and keeps its 力.

We can also kind of get the same meaning from the kanji:

温 : temperature

存 : save

For 保存 now, the main meaning we get is "conservation" which, if we look up in the dictionary, means:

to keep and protect something from damage, change, or waste

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/conserve

So here again, that's pretty close to the meaning we get on goo.ne, which is:

【1】「保存」は、いたみやすいもの、なくなりやすいものをそのままの状態に保っておくこと。 : keep something that is easily breakable or "loseable" in its current state

Let's look at the kanji now:

保: Conserve

存: save

To sum it up for these two words, we can see that 保存 can be seen as a "neutral" version of 温存, which means to keep something so that its state doesn't change. Whereas 温存 means to keep something so that its state doesn't change (especially doesn't get bad).

詮索 and 検索 and 探索

詮索: [名](スル)細かい点まで調べ求めること。https://kotobank.jp/word/%E8%A9%AE%E7%B4%A2-549979 : Search until small points (details)

検索: [名](スル)調べて探しだすこと。https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/jn/69682/meaning/m0u/%E6%A4%9C%E7%B4%A2/ : find out by searching

探索: 未知の事柄などをさぐり調べること。 https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/jn/139943/meaning/m0u/%E6%8E%A2%E7%B4%A2/ : research unknown events

詮索

https://eow.alc.co.jp/search?q=%e8%a9%ae%e7%b4%a2

We can see that this word has a rather negative meaning, and "pry" is the meaning we find the most:

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pry

And it's quite similar to the Japanese meaning, so I think we can put pry and 詮索 in the same category.

We can confirm that by looking for use examples on google 詮索, a lot of what we find is about the psychology of people who like to "詮索" (pry) or "詮索" (pry) too much.

検索

https://eow.alc.co.jp/search?q=%e6%a4%9c%e7%b4%a2

This word seems to have a quite neutral meaning, and the 3 verbs that appear the most are "look up, search, retrieve (or locate)". Also, as you already know, it's used when we look up something in the dictionary, for example.

And as we can see on goo.ne:

【3】「検索」は、特に、書物の中にある記述を探し求める場合に用いる。 : Used in cases where you search for something in a text/book etc.

So we can think of it as "look up in order to retrieve data".

探索

https://eow.alc.co.jp/search?q=%e6%8e%a2%e7%b4%a2

This one, too, looks quite neutral from the examples, and doesn't seem very different from 検索.

But if we look at this:

【3】「探索」は、物のありかや人の行方などを探り求めることをいう。 : Search for someone's actions/the state of something

It sounds like 探索 is more about doing the research, trying to collect data about something/someone, whereas 検索 is more about looking up already existing data, to try to retrieve it, so it makes sense that 検索 is the one used when trying to find something on the internet.

So maybe we can attribute the English "to seach for" to the word 探索, and the English "to look up" to the word 検索.

  • Thank you! Very thorough! Although there's still some bit of vagueness here and there but you did your best! Thank you so much! – shoryuu Nov 28 '18 at 12:42

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