日本語の授業の単語を復習しているところですが、「浮き彫り」という言葉が出てきました。 フラッシュカードに書いてあったのは「to be distinct」ですが、辞書を参照したら「throw something into relief」とか「a relief」とあります。

例えば(マック辞書から)

▸ 闇の中で白い仮面がくっきりと浮き彫りにされた
The white mask stood out in bold relief in the dark.

▸ これで疑獄の深刻さが浮き彫りにされた
This threw the seriousness of the scandal into relief.

使い方と実際の意味がわかりません。reliefは法律用語ですか?法律に全然関係していない例文もあるので。

  • 1
    Are you a native English speaker? Do you know all the meanings of the word "relief"? Just wondering if you might not be considering "relief" in art as: the projection of forms or figures from a flat ground, so that they are partly or wholly free of it. – Tommy Nov 9 at 2:03
  • I don't think that definition of relief is in the average English speaker's consciousness regardless – frei Nov 9 at 2:04
  • I didn't get your comment. You mean is not a matter of being native or not, it is not common for people to know that definition anyway? – Tommy Nov 9 at 2:05
  • It is not common for people to know that definition of "relief," I'm pretty sure. I know it exists but I didn't know if it was applicable here, since there's an entry in the dictionary like 浮き彫りになる or something – frei Nov 9 at 2:06
  • Oh ok, got it. To be honest, I also didn't think of that immediately. It was the kanji 彫 that made me do the logical connection. – Tommy Nov 9 at 2:07
up vote 4 down vote accepted

The type of relief in question isn't disaster relief, it's a type of sculpture called a relief. There is also a related English idiom to bring/throw into sharp/stark relief, which means to distinguish something via contrasting it to another object. Presumably, this definition is abstracted from the process of making a relief sculpture, where the sculpture is in sharp contrast to the rock.

Let's look at the Japanese definitions for 浮き彫り (from Weblio):

① 平らな面に模様や形が浮き出すように彫り上げた彫刻。うきあげぼり。レリーフ。

② ほかのものと区別してそれとはっきりわかること。「争点が-になった」 「両者の違いが-になる」

We can see that the first definition refers to the sculptural relief and the second definition is very similar to the English idiom.

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