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I’m trying to understand the difference between「長」,「長い」and「長く」

I believe they all mean “long”, but I’m not sure what context to use each one in.

  • First of all, you can look it up in a dictionary like Jisho. There, you will find a translation, and also what kind of word it is you're looking at. For example, you can see that 長 is a prefix/suffix while 長い is an I-adjective. I think downvotes here are mainly because your question could have been answered easily with just a bit of research. After looking it up, you can still ask a question stating what you found and what still confuses you. – CCR Sep 15 '18 at 16:45
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長い is a form in the present tense as an adjective.

長く is an adverbial form.

長 is a stem (a part that doesn't change by infection) or a component/suffix for compound words like 面長{おもなが} or 足長{あしなが}.

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